Climate change is a change that occurs due to various factors in once countries such as cutting of trees, deforestation, soil erosion, overgrazing. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) climate change defines as any significant changes in the measures of climate lasting for an extended period. Changes in weather temperature, precipitation, or wind condition, and different other effects, that occur overall decades are included in the effect of climate change. Climate change policy in the United States has transformed rapidly over the past twenty years and is being developed at state and federal level. Cutting down forests (Deforestation), cutting trees for timbers, and shelters, soil erosion, increasing livestock farming are the major problems that causes global climate change in the world.
This article focuses on climate change policy within the United States, as well as exploring the positions of varies parties and the influences on policy making and environmental justice repercussions. Today US faced some of the most urgent threats from crises that originate in Sudan, Syria, and countries in Central America are made worse by the extra stresses put on those states by failing crops and other effect of climate change. United States has responsibility, along with other big emitters of warming gases, and a strong national interest in reducing those dangers (Buttigieg as cited by Umair and David, 2019). Trump administration made a startling assumption that the planet will warm a shocking seven degrees by the end of this century. However, how should the US brace for global climate chaos? and what will you do to help other countries prepare for impending disruption.
Reasons Initiating Change to Existing Policy
It is possible to detect climate change everywhere in any movement in weather pattern, across farmland, throughout plant and animal habitats. The effects of such climate- relate shifts which largely stem from global warming caused by humans and are already affecting daily life. The four hottest years was recorded during 2015 to 2018. Three critical aspects of an increasingly warmer planet were explored by man. These are more heat alters ice, weather, and ocean; human life and prosperity suffer; and natural habitats become hostile (EDF,2019). These things are directly or indirectly affecting the life on the earth. Due to the increment of drought and other climate-related disasters more violent conflicts and increasingly volatile political situations around the globe.
People around the world losing their homes and livelihood to sea-level rise, life-threating weather conditions, and political conflict driven by the climate effects (Steyer as cited by Umari and David, 2019). This climate change creates more poverty, food and water insecurity, and political and social instability, which is why promoting climate security at home and abroad is a core pillar of climate plan (Bennet as cited by Umari and David, 2019). Climate change perhaps would be the most hotly debated and controversial area of environmental policy ever and as one of the most complex challenges that humans has ever created (Carlos and Evie, 2010). Therefore, the United States need to update and change the existing foreign policy regarding to global climate change.
The Possible Policy Options or Alternatives to Be Considered
In February 2018, science advances published new research from Stanford University indicating that individual emission commitments pledge by Paris Agreement nations are not enough to achieve the promise goal of holding the average global temperature Increases to less than 2 degree centigrade above pre-industrial levels. The pentagon has called climate change a threat multiplier in international conflict. At the same time, climate change stands to have the worst impact on countries that contributed least to the problem.
How should the US brace for global? Climate chaos? And what you will do to help other counties prepare for the impending disruption? The EPA is pursuing a dramatic shift in US energy and environmental policy that would send shock waves through its economy (politics, 2011). Policy analysis and policy options analysis are interrelated methodologies designed to asses existing or potential policies in terms of their ability (potential ability) to attain the specified policy goals (David and Aidan, 2005). In 2030, 80% lessening in petroleum utilization and green house gas (GHG) emission by light- duty vehicles (LDVs) by 2050 could be very challenging.
The likely required options to accomplish the goals are 1) main improvements in existing LDV powertrains; 2) major reductions in the weight and other loads of all sizes and types of LDVs; 3) change in the energy resources or fuels used to power LDVs, and the effective control of net GHG emissions in the sectors that supply fuels for LDVs; and 4) the successful introduction and widespread use of one or more entirely new powertrain systems.
Best Policy Options or Alternatives
Different policy options and ideas for improving climate security have been suggested by the different democratic candidates as their ideas listed in the following paragraphs. Warren supports the Paris agreement and then using that as a basis to go further (Umair and David, 2019). Bernie said Sanders that, Americas should have responsibility and leadership on climate change. If he is selected as president, he will take that role seriously and bring a commitment to the rest of the world on behalf of the American people to promote peace and aggressively reduce our emissions in an effort to get the international community to agree to limit global emissions to keep us at or below 1.5 degree Celsius of warming (Bernie Sanders as cited by Umair and David, 2019). Harris recommended that the United States must reconfirm its global leadership in the fight against climate change.
As the climate crisis evolves, it is critical that the US must work with allies of helping countries implement and expand the clean economy technologies and strategies we are investing in at home. United States must also engage with national allies to plan and to address climate migration and welcome climate refuges (Harris as cited by the Umair and David, 2019). United State can help by contributing fully to Green Climate Fund and other funds that are putting resources toward helping countries adapt, and by integrating prevention and mitigation strategies into our own foreign aid. The best and only way to manage to stop and reverse climate change problem through serious action at home and globally as part of the US foreign policy (Buttigieg as cited by Umair and David,2019). To create a safer and more secure America, US need to re-establish the country as a global economic and moral leader the world transition to clean energy, renewing Americans commitments to international agreements such as the Parisa Accord, giving an international assistance for disaster relief and for US that are transitioning away from fossil fuels, and helping protect the human rights of the growing figure of people displaced by disasters(Steyer as cited by Umair and David, 2019).
Based on thoughts of Klobuchar as cited by Umair and David (2019), the US should elevate the voices of military and security experts who have repeatedly warmed that climate change that can increase the risk of international conflict and crises. It must work with its allies most affected countries by climate change, including addressing global food and water shortages, supporting climate-resilient development, helping countries adapt to the effect of climate change, and preparing for the increased risk of natural disasters. By Bank to catalyze $10 trillion in private sector investment in innovation and infrastructure at home and abroad the US must invest in solutions to reduce the effects of climate change that cannot be avoided, which can start by establishing a climate. The bank invests in technologies to improve the resilience of infrastructure and agricultural products and renewable energy supply. Climate change can contribute to global conflict (Bennet as cited by Umair and David, 2019).
Summary and Conclusion
Threat multiplier, climate change called pentagon in international conflict. President Trump in the middle of the 2017, declared that withdraws the US from agreement. However, most of the president’s claims, have not been accepted by lawyers, scientists, economist, and fact hackers. Countries agreement on climate change that it would join the Paris agreement, leaving Trumps as the only world leader who opposes the contract. It is not too late for president Trump to reverse course, remain in the Paris agreement, and implement steps to ensure the US meets its responsibility.
There are bites examples of across government of alternatives to regulation of achieving policy objectives. There should be a greater sharing with reviews of alternatives. Departments should provide a stronger push for alternatives as they understand best which of its policy areas are most suitable for alternative approaches because it helps for ensuring potential alternatives that are not ruled out for lack of early consideration in decision- making processes. United States government must achieve countries policy objectives by using taxpayer’s money, or through a range of non-spending interventions, including rules. Regulation aims to set rules to protect and benefit people, businesses and the environment, stabilizing markets, addressing market failures, create cost for businesses, the third and public sectors.
- Environmental Defense Fund, EDF. How climate change plunders the planet (https://www.edf.org/climate /how-climate-change-plunders-planet). Retreved2019-11-11.
- Juliet Eilperin, Brady Dennis and Chris Mooney, 2018. Trump administration sees a 7-degree rise in global temperature by 2100.
- Carlos Pascal and Evie Zambetakis, 2010. The Geopolitics of Energy “From Security to Survival,” in Energy Security: Economics, Politics, Strategies, and Implications, edited by Carlos Pascal and Jonathan Elkind (Brookings, 2010).
- Umair Irfan and David Roberts, 2019. How 2020 Democrats will address climate change through foreign policy several ideas for improving climate security. (https://www.vox.com/energy-and -environment/2019/10/14/20908345/2020-democratic-debates-climate-change-foreign-policy.Retrieved 2019-11-10.