Struggles in Africa

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According to Business Insider, 42.3% of people in sub-Saharan Africa live on less than $1.90 daily. This places 40% of people under the poverty line, but recently the economy in Africa has been growing and these statistics are on the road to change (Twenty Poorest Nations). Africa’s lands are beautiful and diversified, but the continent is struggling with hunger, war, and poverty. Africa is becoming overpopulated, and the people need help. Africa is commonly referred to as one of the poorest continents in the world causing millions to suffer from debt, illnesses, and limited employment; if the developing nations in Africa could improve their economy, then they could become one of the richest continents because of their rich, natural resources.

Africa is facing difficulties with limited employment, overpopulation, and war; this is affecting the people by causing severe health issues, bad living and farming environments. These difficulties allow Africa to fall deeper underneath the poverty line. According to SOS Children’s Villages, more than a quarter of the hungry in the world lives on the African continent because of extreme poverty. People of Africa are severely vulnerable to diseases like HIV/AIDS, Malaria, Tuberculosis, and Yellow Fever; and the diseases only spread because of poor health facilities (Africanza). According to Africa Check, over 1,108,000 people had died because of AIDS and 568,000 had died of Malaria. The diseases only get worse when their living conditions aren’t very well built, there are some houses built out of natural resources, like grass and mud bricks (Britannica Kids).

The school buildings in Africa are poorly made, they are built of mud and water. Education in Africa is not a requirement, parents have to pay for their children’s education which can cost up to $3,000 a year (School Cost?). “In sub-Saharan Africa, 59 million children between the ages of 5 and 17 work instead of playing and going to school (SOS Children’s Villages),” parents sometimes don’t allow their kids to go to school and make them stay home to work. Half of the time children miss parts of school because they have to travel to get water. Some girls don’t even go to school because they’re menstruating, or at all because in some cultures girls are seen as less than boys. The government doesn’t do anything to change the education.

The government systems in the underdeveloped world had invested in state companies and run-enterprises. Unfortunately, Africa’s state enterprises were poorly managed by administrators who had little business insight, and this led to the country to fall even deeper into debt. “State enterprises became conduits for politicians and administrators to bleed their nation’s coffers through various forms of corrupt activities(Follet 25).” The political leaders of these nations are almost always corrupt; Paul Biya, President of Cameroon, was convicted of rigging the election to benefit himself, but still was appointed president in 1982 and is still president today (Africa’s Political). The under-developing country’s government is struggling with a shortage of filtered water.

Most, if not all, countries in Africa are suffering from crisis such as water shortages and extreme climate changes. Africa’s Water Crisis is a shortage of clean drinking water, the water is unsafe for drinking and causes health issues. While the health issues that are caused by unsafe water are easily treatable, the people that are getting sick are impoverished and unable to pay for good healthcare. Climate change is challenging the people in Africa because with the massive climate changes the farmers have a hard time getting things to grow and not this causes two problems the first one being a shortage of food compared to the amount of people and the second one is food has to be brought in to feed the people but there is no money to do that, and Africa is expected to grow population wise and there is already a shortage of food and this is not going to help.

In conclusion Africa is one of the most impoverished continents in the world causing millions to suffer from debt, illnesses, and limited employment; but if the developing nations in Africa could improve their economy, then they could become one of the richest continents because of their rich natural resources. However these developing nations are on their way to economic growth and stability.


Cite this paper

Struggles in Africa. (2021, Jul 23). Retrieved from https://samploon.com/struggles-in-africa/

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