Contributions of Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, and Karl Marx on Sociology

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Although there were many contributors to the foundation of sociology, there were three men whose observations have left the great impact. They are Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, and Karl Marx. Each studied differently and gave views about social behavior in a different scenarios. They have developed theories in an influential way which taught how to look at society in a different prospective. The theories of these sociologist changed the way we look at society and social science to educate us in a different way.

Emile Durkheim came up with a theory to view all types of society with a better understanding. He left the idea on sociology that social behavioral issues in a distinct way. He investigated sociological matters scientifically and with this, developed his theory. Durkheim changed the views on sociology as he was just one of many to make this achievement.

Impacting this social science with his theoretical tool, “The ideal type”, is Max Weber. He came up with this tool to measure social behavior differently. Weber recognized many traits of bureaucracy as one of these tools. The purpose of setting an average measurement of the bureaucracy of an organization, Weber put their traits into action. With the help of this he embarked on sociology with the insight of how people would look at and describe their own actions.

Karl Marx shared their views with Durkheim in the way they thought structured and believing that groups and different classes leave an impression on the way people see themselves in a society. Marx wrote an anti-communist piece that gave communist revolutionary leaders influence to do as they did in multiple different countries. His work also influenced other sociologists to see things how others, whose opinions don’t matter, do. Karl Marx’s focus on group classification became the main point of convergence for contemporary sociology.

All in all, the contributions of Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, and Karl Marx were clearly a huge significance on the development of sociology. They have changed the views and influenced many people who also revolved around this topic. Their theories, writings, and perspectives helped people who are studying this social science, and get sociologists to were they are today.


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Contributions of Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, and Karl Marx on Sociology. (2020, Nov 12). Retrieved from https://samploon.com/contributions-of-emile-durkheim-max-weber-and-karl-marx-on-sociology/



What are the contribution of Max Weber on sociology?
Max Weber's contribution to sociology includes his work on the concept of social action, the ideal type, and the Protestant work ethic. He also emphasized the importance of understanding the subjective meanings that individuals attach to their actions and the role of culture in shaping society.
What are the contributions of Emile Durkheim to sociology?
Durkheim was one of the first sociologists to use scientific methods to study society. He is best known for his work on social integration and social facts.
What are the contributions of Karl Marx to sociology?
Karl Marx is a sociologist who is best known for his political and economic theories on capitalism and communism.
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