The Chinese president Xi Jinping showed up in the United Nations Sustainable Development Summit and advocate together with the other heads of state Transforming Our World: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in September 2015 which was assisted by the early generation to aim for sustainable development.
The Chinese government adds a significant value introducing the 2030 agenda which is combined into the 13th Five-Year Plan for Economic and Social Development together with short and long term goals. The president, Xi Jinping declared that in five years, China would raise more than 70 million out of the poverty line. This statement was made at the October 2015’s Global Poverty Reduction and Development Forum. As stated by president Xi Jinping, ending poverty is one of China’s goals in the future. This is implemented by giving full payments to its workers, continuing to work on ways to eliminate poverty, creating advanced pieces of machinery to speed up the process in achieving its goal to lift the poor from rural areas out from the poverty line. Through these endeavours, significant progress has been made to reduce poverty in China.
In order to reach this goal,the government have prepared a file for the each household in poverty to do research on what are the causes their poverty and give solutions targeted to their problems, increased production and relocate employees working in unwelcoming area to safer environment, coping with the conservation of ecological attempts and boost growth of education, providing security to the society, speed up the process of areas occupied by ethnic minorities, remote and border areas and impoverished areas, improving transport, energy, water conservation and telecommunication infrastructure.12.4 million people in China experienced a decrease in poverty line falling from 5.7% in 2015 to 4.5% in 2016. The real disposable income of the people in rural areas has grown rapidly, beating its national average. There has also been a major improvement in the living conditions in impoverished areas.
China has implemented the Decision of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and the State Council on fighting a battle to reduce poverty, the National Plan for Poverty Alleviation (NPPA) from 2016-2020 which is the 13th Five-Year Period together with 11 supporting documents of the decision. The Government have provided specific plan and guidelines for poverty elimination which includes the development of industry, the improvement in transport, projects of relocation, the export of labour, education, health, water conservancy, the rebuilding of shabby houses, fundings, and the use of land and the investment on assets.
Leadership responsibilities to eliminate poverty has been delegated to the central government who works on the total planning, main responsibility fall in the hands of the provincial governments and municipal and county governments role is to take care of the implementation process. The system of resident officials sent to villages has resulted in an improvement in the alleviation of poverty. First secretaries of Party committees are appointed by outstanding officials to lead the alleviation of poverty in poor villages. Very strict supervision, evaluation of performance together with the efforts of inspection, discipline, supervision, agencies of auditing and finance and also media and social groups, are applied to the practice to ensure that the programme is running efficiently.
The production in China has increased through multiple channels and the ability of blood making and blood transfusion. Fiscal, investment, financial and land policy support has been enhanced by the government. Over 100 billion RMB yuan was provided by the central and provincial governments to eliminate poverty. This includes 66.1 billion yuan from the central budget which is a yearly increase of 43.4% and 49.35 billion yuan from the provincial budget which is a yearly increase of more than 56.1%.
The support for relocated impoverished people have been provided through the arrangements of the structure of government debt Plan for Advancing Inclusive Finance Development from 2016 to 2020 is implemented by the Chinese government. The “Plan for Advancing Inclusive Finance Development” provides all-in financial services for the impoverished and groups of the vulnerable. 283.3 billion RMB yuan loans were received by 8.02 billion poor households that include 170.6 billion yuan just recently added in 2016, together with its credit assets rising to 26.7% among the needy. Welcoming results of poverty alleviation has been received by the insurance and capital market support.
The government of China continues to work on social security, policy system and operation mechanism for social relief covering urban and rural areas providing a guarantee to the lives of the needy. The number of subsistence allowances in urban and rural areas is at 60.56 million by the end of 2016. Participants of pension, urban basic medical care, unemployment, occupational injury and maternity insurance schemes are at 890 million, 740 million, 180 million, 220 million and 180 million, increasing by 29.44 million, 78.1 million, 7.63 million, 4.57 million and 6.8 million respectively throughout the previous year. The five social insurance funds’ revenue is at 5.4 trillion RMB yuan, this was an increase of 16.3% from the previous year. Meanwhile, The 4.7 trillion RMB yuan which was a yearly increase of 20.2%.
By conserving annual activities on the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty on 17 October, and setting up countrywide poverty eradication prize, a mechanism has been fostered where all are willing to and capable to take part in the fight against poverty. Regions of the east are encouraged to take apart in helping poverty alleviation that takes place in the western regions, the mechanism by which targeted poverty alleviation support is given by party and government agencies, the military, people’s groups and state-owned enterprises. The private sector, social organizations and individuals are also encouraged to take part in this poverty alleviation. This action resulted in a synergy between the government’s attempt to eliminate poverty and social resources.
Poverty alleviation has paired nine provinces and municipalities in eastern China with 12 provinces in western China. The activity of mutually building a reasonably prosperous society has been started and done by 267 in eastern China and 406 ruined districts in western China. Plus, 320 units of the local government have been assigned to help 592 devastated provinces and the military and outfitted Police units have been combined with more than 3,500 devastated towns to give assistance. 22,000 private organizations have helped increment pay for 21,000 destitution stricken towns by developing enterprises with nearby qualities.
Poverty alleviations have been shared by China among other countries and the global cooperation on poverty alleviation has been intensified. China gives a full-pay to the global exchange platforms such as International Poverty Reduction Center of China and holding Africa-China High-Level Dialogue and Think Tank Forum in the context of Forum on China-Africa Cooperation and also through such mechanisms as the Global Poverty Reduction and Development Forum, the China-ASEAN Forum on Social Development and Poverty Reduction and China-Africa Poverty Reduction and Development Forum, ideas and experience on poverty reduction has been shared with other parts of the world. China had shared poverty reduction experience by the end of 2016 with more than 2,500 professionals from more than 100 countries, built demonstration sites for cooperation on poverty elimination with countries such as Tanzania, Laos, Cambodia and Myanmar, and constantly intensified practical cooperation.