Racial Profiling Essays Examples and Research Papers

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Racial Profiling: Form of Racism

There are many forms of racism that cause people to make accusations against law enforcement in America. One of the forms that most people are pushing towards is racial profiling. The definition of profiling specifically as defined in Merriam-Webster Dictionary is “the act of suspecting or targeting a person on the basis of observed characteristics…


Race and Ethnicity,

Racial Profiling,


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Pages: 3
Words: 515

Racial Profiling: Solutions

Over the past years, Racial profiling has become a noticeable issue. Racial discrimination and inequality are some issues emerging from racial profiling because police often judge victims by their race, religion and ethnicity. Now a days many people are being targeted by racial profiling just because a particular person from a particular race does something…

Civil Rights,



Racial Profiling

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Pages: 3
Words: 691

Problem of Racial Profiling

Should racial and ethical profiling techniques be used in the war against terrorism? The objective of this essay is to provide comparative analysis as to whether the idea of racial and ethnic profiling techniques in the war against terrorism should be used. In recent memory, many law enforcement agencies have used racial and ethnic profiling…


Race and Ethnicity,

Racial Profiling,


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Pages: 7
Words: 1724

Racial Tension and Inequality

Racial tension and inequality in our justice system and society have grown over time. Trayvon Martin was a seventeen-year-old African american male, unarmed, and was shot and killed on February twenty sixth, twenty twelve by a “watchman” who was named, George Zimmerman who had also happened to be a white male. The recent unfortunate events…

Black Lives Matter,



Racial Profiling

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Pages: 2
Words: 410

Racial Profiling in America

The concern with racial profiling has multiple results between the various minorities that are profiled. African-Americans has been one America’s top affected groups. Recently, police have resulted to unnecessary brutal attacks towards the African-American community. These unwarranted attacks have led African-Americans to protest both peacefully and angrily. Muslims and Arabs have also been specifically targeted…


Race and Ethnicity,

Racial Profiling

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Pages: 2
Words: 466

Problems of Racial Profiling in the Police Force

Racial Profiling The journey of black studies positions, (2015) What is racial profiling? Moreover, what is its effect on small police agencies and the African American police officers employed by them? While there are several differing definitions, most provide only the slightest possible information plausible, leading one often, and inappropriately, to identify this spectacle in…


Racial Profiling

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Pages: 6
Words: 1346

My Campaign against Racial Profiling

In the previous Milestone Papers, I defined racial profiling as the practice of targeting an individual based upon race, ethnicity, religion, or nation of origin rather than actual suspicion (Warren, P., & Farrell, A., 2009; American Civil Liberties Union, n.d.). From my research, I have deduced that the root causes of racial profiling stems from…

Racial Profiling,


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Pages: 8
Words: 1762

Racial Profiling in Law Enforcement

Racial profiling continues to be a sensitive issue in our society today. The arguments in support of racial profiling involve the belief that there is a need to provide another layer of security for the country in order to protect it while the arguments that are against racial profiling involve a form of conflict with…

Law enforcement,

Racial Profiling

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Pages: 8
Words: 1823

Problem of Racial Profiling and Ways to Solve It

Racial profiling is a prevailing issue throughout the United States. For the duration of the semester, we briefly touched on racial profiling and split second decision cases. Split second decision and racial profiling are closely associated because research shows that police officers typically make decisions based off of appearance. When a police officer only has…

Racial Profiling,


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Pages: 5
Words: 1195

Racial Profiling and Mistrust for the Police

Recently in America what starts as a routine traffic stop can turn deadly for mainly minority individuals. Perkins (2000) illustrates that the natural mistrust our community has developed for law enforcement is rooted in our knowing that racial stereotypes-factors promoting perceptions that Blacks and Hispanics are violent criminal offenders are institutional and manipulated for political…

Police Brutality,

Racial Profiling

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Pages: 3
Words: 712
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Check a list of useful topics on Racial Profiling selected by experts

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Stop and Frisk and Racial Profiling


The term “racial profiling” has gained popularity with the current political climate, but racially-based policing has prevailed throughout American history. To define the term, racial profiling is the act of suspecting a person has committed a crime or offense based on the individual’s race. Racial profiling is often attributed to law enforcement, but can occur by anyone who acts on the generalizations he or she makes of a specific race or ethnic group.

After the abolition of slavery, African-Americans were still subject to racial profiling throughout the Jim Crow era and even now. The segregation laws in place during the early 20th century only emphasized the overwhelming idea that white people believed they were inherently superior to people of color. Once Jim Crow practices became outlawed, society resorted to more indirect means of systematically disenfranchising African Americans. The underlying racial stigma against African Americans was once again pronounced during the War on Drugs, which incarcerated thousands of nonviolent black men. A major contribution to the proliferation of racial profiling amongst police was with the 1968 case of Terry v. Ohio. In this case, the Supreme Court ruled that if an officer observes unusual behavior by a person they suspect to be a criminal, then they are entitled to search that individual’s belongings. Known as the stop-and-frisk rule, it allows police to stop and search people without warrants, as long as they have reasonable suspicion of harmful and illegal activity. Directly overturning the Fourth Amendment’s warrant requirements gave police power to stop, question, and frisk anyone they “suspect”, making it very easy for officers to abuse their powers and act on implicitly biased suspicions. Plenty of evidence showing the racism behind stop-and-frisk exists, showing particularly young black and Latino men, being stopped, frisked, and searched multiple times on their way to school, work, for no apparent reason (Center for Constitutional Rights).

Racial profiling continues to plague our nation despite the laws put in place to prevent it. Evidence showing widespread racial bias is not minimal; biases contribute to racial disparities in law enforcement outcomes, influencing who is stopped by police, what happens to them during those stops, and the severity of their sentences if convicted. African Americans are disproportionately more likely to be stopped and searched by police, even though they are less likely to possess drugs or commit crimes, according to a 2011 report by the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights. The NYPD’s controversial stop-and-frisk program shows similar evidence of racial profiling, with police targeting blacks and Latinos about 85 percent of the time (NYCLU). While racial profiling can end in tragic murders of unarmed individuals, such as the cases of Eric Garner or Michael Brown, it also leads to several unneeded stops and searches, harassment and intimidation, and even unwarranted confiscation of property.

Racial profiling is not always committed by police. People of color are often deemed as criminal, even while committing normal acts. From having a family barbecue to sitting in their college campuses, black people get the police called on them, simply by virtue of their skin tone. When Michael Hayes, an investor, was inspecting a house, one of the neighbors called the police on him. “You know why the lady called the police on me,” said Hayes, ‘I didn’t give her any reason to believe I was a threat, but she perceived me as a one.’ The perception of black individuals as threats to society is a harmful effect of the racial biases in American society.

Unfortunately, the effects of racial profiling extend to dangerous levels. According to an in depth analysis of police brutality by the Washington Post, black men are “seven times more likely than white men to die by police gunfire while unarmed.” Protests accusing law enforcement officers of being too quick to use lethal force against unarmed African Americans have spread across the country in the past few years since dramatic unrest gripped Ferguson, Missouri, following the fatal police shooting of 18-year-old Michael Brown by a white officer. There are countless examples of officers taking away the lives of African Americans, even while unarmed. About 30% of the African Americans victims in 2015 were unarmed, compared with 17% of white people. It’s not a difficult reach to assume that the racial stigma of “violent” black men influences the way police make decisions during altercations.

Racial Profiling is not only unfair to the individuals targeted, but it also deteriorates the public trust in police. When law enforcement officers target citizens based on race, “crime-fighting is less effective and community distrust of police grows,” claims Ranjana Natarajan, the director of the Civil Rights Clinic at The University of Texas School of Law. In her article discussing the loss of confidence in police officers due to racial biases, Natarajan showed that minority communities that had been unfairly targeted by authorities continue to experience greater distrust and fear of police officers, citing a study done by the Harvard Kennedy School on the Los Angeles Police Department.

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