Religion according to Durkheim this system of belief brings people together and share behaviros for various purposes however as Karl Marx one father of sociology argue that bringing people together can cause a lot of conflicts between the ones on the top of hierarchy and the ones down the bottom (working class and ruling class). As Max Weber believes in, social changes will occur on people within a certain social group.
The origin of Religion generally can be traced to the ancient Near East and classified in three basis categories, Polytheistic, Pantheistic and Monotheistic. Atheism is really a modern belief that resulted from the “Enlighten” of period of the 18th century. Therefore Polytheistic in is broadest way is (a belief in many gods) is thought to have originated with Hinduism about 2500BC. Hindu beliefs were recorded in the Bhagavad Gita, which revealed that many Gods were subject to a supreme Brahman. Polytheistic on the other hand was also the religion of many other cultures including Assyria, Babylonia, Egypt Greece and Rome. This belief system’s viewed as gods as living in control of all natural events such as heavy rainfall, harvests and fertility. The Greeks and Romans developed polytheism to a highly structured pantheon of gods and goddesses. In addition, the last type which is Pantheistic a (belief that all is god) prevailed in numerous ancient culture. The belief that the universe itself was divine typified in the Animism beliefs of the African & American Indian cultures, the later Egyptian religion under the Pharaohs and Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism in cultures of the past. Generally, pantheistic is the principle that god is everything and everything is god. Therefore, nature is also part of god. Monotheistic (a belief in one god) is the foundation of the Judeo-Christian-Muslim line of religions which began with a man named Abraham in about 2000BC. From this point in History, God began revealing himself to the world through the nation of Israel.
Religion is defined as the belief in and reverence for a supernatural power or powers regarded as creator and governor of the universe. A personal or institutionalized system grounded in such belief and worship, a set of beliefs, values, and practices based on the teachings of a spiritual leader. A cause, principle, or activity pursued with zeal or conscientious devotion. This definition of religion is true to the three major religions of the world. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are known as the “Abraham religions” because they traced their history to the covenant God made with Abraham in the Hebrew Bible. Religion is one of the driving forces behind many of the events and attitudes that have shaped our world.