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The Connection Between God and Religion 

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The Connection Between God and Religion  essay

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Introduction

Looking for God and relating to a religion are various encounters. However, numerous individuals assume that an individual who doesn’t relate to a specific religion must, along these lines, be an atheist. That is an affront both to God and to genuine atheism. Religions are human institutions that, at their best, help individuals to encounter and be near God. Be that as it may, the connection between a religion and God resembles the connection between a radio and music. Because you don’t have one doesn’t imply that you can’t encounter the other. Religion is another issue. Religions are frameworks of beliefs and practices that are intended to improve the experience of faith. Some of the time they help individuals to reveal further degrees of importance in their lives; now and again they are only an instrument people use to legitimize the beliefs and practices they would have picked at any rate. Religion can give individuals knowledge and give a structure to using sound judgment in a difficult world. Religion can give individuals a reason to abhor and be greedy. Generally, religions, similar to individuals, do a smidgen of both. No religion, and no human institution of any sort, can profess to know the aggregate of that reason and truth. Or maybe, religion is an arrangement of ideas and practices that assist us with finding the experience of God. Religions that work, don’t work for everybody. Religions are not really the most ideal route for everybody to experience God.

Conceptions of God

In monotheistic idea, God is conceived about as the incomparable being, maker divinity, and chief object of faith. God is typically considered as being omniscient, omnipotent, and omnipresent and as having an everlasting and essential presence. These characteristics are utilized either in method for similarity or are taken actually. A few religions depict God without reference to gender, while others or their interpretations use phrasing that is sexual orientation explicit and gender-biased. God has been considered as either close to home or indifferent. In theism, God is the maker and sustainer of the universe, while in deism; God is the maker, yet not the sustainer, of the universe. In pantheism, God is simply the universe. In atheism, there is a nonappearance of confidence in God. In agnosticism, the presence of God is regarded obscure or mysterious. God has likewise been considered as the wellspring of all ethical commitment, and the “best possible existent”.
Many striking philosophers have created contentions for and against the presence of God. In the old Egyptian time of Atenism, conceivably the most punctual recorded monotheistic religion, this divinity was called Aten, commenced on being the one “true” Supreme Being and maker of the universe. In the Christian precept of the Trinity, God, existing together in three “persons”, is known as the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. In Islam, the name Allah is utilized, while Muslims additionally have a large number of titular names for God. In Hinduism, Brahman is frequently viewed as a monistic idea of God. In Chinese religion, Shangdi is imagined as the forebear of the universe, natural for it and continually carrying request to it. Different religions have names for the idea of God, incorporating Baha in the Bahá’í Faith, Waheguru in Sikhism, Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa in Balinese Hinduism, and Ahura Mazda in Zoroastrianism.

Philosophy of Religion

Philosophy of religion is the philosophical assessment of the themes and concepts engaged with religious traditions just as the more extensive philosophical assignment of thinking about issues of religious significance including the idea of religion itself, elective ideas of God or extreme reality, and the religious significance of general highlights of the cosmos and of historical events. Philosophy of religion additionally incorporates the examination and evaluation of perspectives that are options in contrast to religious worldviews. Philosophy of religion includes all the principle territories of philosophy: metaphysics, epistemology, value theory philosophy of language, science, history, governmental issues, art, etc.

General Concept of God

The general conception of God might be said to be that of a vast being who is especially acceptable, who made the world, who knows all and can do all, who is otherworldly finished and intrinsic on the planet, and who cherishes humankind. By most of Christians God is accepted to have lived on earth in the substance as Jesus. In the Hebrew Bible the idea of God is certainly not a bound together one. The mentality of adherents to this obvious irregularity has for the most part been that God, perpetual, uncovered Himself increasingly more to Israel. Scholars see a progression of stages wherein God was first held by the Jews as basically the leader of an ancestral pantheon, at that point step by step accepted all the characteristics of God’s kindred divinities, but was still worshiped more or less idolatrously. Slowly, as per these scholars, the Jews considered their God as increasingly more impressive until they trusted God maker and leader everything being equal however favoring Israel as God’s picked individuals.

God’s characteristics of goodness, love, and benevolence these critics consider as late in this turn of events. More recent scholars have invalidated this last position, seeing these very characteristics in the God of the Exodus. In spite of the fact that the possibility of God, through its long acknowledgment by Jews, Christians, and Muslims, has come to be related with the idea of a good, boundless character, lately the name has been stretched out to numerous standards of an absolutely unique sort; along these lines, a philosopher may think about the bringing together idea in his way of philosophy as God.

Religion and Science

The relationship between religion and science has been an important topic in twentieth century philosophy of religion and it seems highly important today. This section begins by considering the National Academy of Sciences and Institute of Medicine statement on the relationship between science and religion: Science and religion are based on different aspects of human experience. In science, explanations must be based on evidence drawn from examining the natural world. Religious faith, in contrast, does not depend only on empirical evidence, is not necessarily modified in the face of conflicting evidence, and typically involves supernatural forces or entities. Because they are not a part of nature, supernatural entities cannot be investigated by science. In this sense, science and religion are separate and address aspects of human understanding in different ways. Attempts to pit science and religion against each other create controversy where none needs to exist.

Existence of God

Arguments about the existence of God ordinarily incorporate exact, deductive, and inductive sorts. Various perspectives incorporate that: “God doesn’t exist”; “God very likely doesn’t exist”; “nobody knows whether God exists”; “God exists, yet this can’t be demonstrated or disproven”; and that “God exists and this can be demonstrated”. Countless contentions have been proposed to demonstrate the presence of God..Scientist Isaac Newton saw the nontrinitarian God as the masterful maker whose presence couldn’t be prevented in the face from securing the loftiness of all creation. Nevertheless, he dismissed polymath Leibniz’ theory that God would essentially make an ideal world which requires no mediation from the creator.

St. Thomas accepted that the existence of God is plainly obvious in itself, however not to us. “Subsequently I state that this proposition, “God exists”, of itself is self-evident, for the predicate is equivalent to the subject. Presently in light of the fact that we don’t have the foggiest idea about the essence of God, the proposition isn’t plainly obvious to us; yet should be shown by things that are increasingly known to us, however less known in their temperament in particular, by effects. St. Thomas accepted that the presence of God can be illustrated. Quickly in the Summa theologiae and all the more broadly in the Summa contra Gentiles, he considered in incredible detail five arguments for the presence of God, generally known as the quinque viae.

Division of Religions

Religions may be divided in two groups one is Theistic and another one is Atheistic. Theistic group believes in God and includes almost all religions. Atheistic group does not believe in God and consists of very few members, such as two great Indian religions, Buddhhism and Jainism.

Theistic group

The theistic group differs in their perspectives with respect to the nature and number of God. These perspectives fall under three heads:

  • Monotheism
  • Ditheism
  • Polytheism

Monotheism

“Monotheism” originates from the Greek monos, which signifies “one,” and theos, which signifies “god. The monotheistic god is accepted to be one of a kind and in a general sense not quite the same as all other similar creature. Monotheism holds that there is just a single sort of the real world, while monotheism has two real factors: God and the universe. Monotheism is the view that there is just a single such God. Monotheism seems to be most agreeable for the following reasons: It underlines the unity of the world and through the unity of all human beings. This isn’t just hypothetically good yet in addition of incredible down to earth social value. It is more predictable than different perspectives. God can be infinite in addition omnipresent and omnipotent only if he is one.

Monotheism portrays the conventions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, and components of the conviction are perceptible in various different religions. Example: Islam, Christianity and Judaism are the elevated instances of monotheistic religions. PS: There isn’t generally understanding in regards to the idea of God. For example, in the early history of Islam, concerning the traits of God, the Mutazililites’ attempted to shield the solidarity of God. The Asharites, then again, contended that 99 characteristics are in His substance, in any case, not quite the same as the manner in which credits have a place with His creator.

Ditheism

Ditheism is belief in two equal gods. Those people who belief that two equivalent standards rule over the world, one good and one evil. There are two gods in accordance with this view. Zoroastrianism has confidence in two gods: they are the god of light and the god of darkness. Both good and evil gods are personal and finite spirit, however in restriction and contention. The good god attempts to make the world great however cannot do it because of restriction of the evil power.

Ditheism is the doctrine of the individuals who keep up the existence of two gods or of two unique standards one good and one evil; dualism. It is doctrine of the existence of two incomparable gods; religious dualism. Arianism was called ditheism by the orthodox Christians, who affirmed that the Arians trusted in “one God the Father, who is eternal, and one God the Son, not eternal.

Polytheism

Polytheism is the worship of or belief in numerous gods, which are normally amassed into a pantheon of gods and goddesses, alongside their own religions and ceremonies. In many religions which accept polytheism, the various gods and goddesses are portrayals of powers of nature or hereditary standards, and can be seen either as self-governing or as angles or spreads of a creator god or supernatural outright rule, which shows innately in nature. The vast majority of the polytheistic divinities of antiquated religions, with the outstanding special cases of the Ancient Egyptian and Hindu gods, were considered as having physical bodies.

Polytheism is the belief in numerous gods. This view is represented in the religions of ancient Greece, Egypt, Rome and Babylonia. Well known Hundusim is additionally polytheistic focusing cycle three chief spirits: Shiva, Kali and Vishnu. The gods of polytheism are limited and individual soul. They are generally accepted to oversee various divisions of nature or various issues of men. For instance: gods of the sun, the moon, rains, springs, parenthood, knowledge, love and trades. There are likewise different originations of God, for example, Animism, spiritism, manaism .In higher religions, God is considered as an ethically immaculate being, however in Greek and Hindu folklore there are accounts of good turpitudes about gods and goddess.

Atheistic group

Atheism is an absence of faith in gods. Atheism is certainly not a positive conviction that there is no god nor does it answer some other inquiry concerning what an individual accepts. It is essentially an dismissal of the assertion that there are gods. Atheism is again and again described incorrectly as a conviction framework. All things considered: Atheism isn’t a skepticism in gods or a refusal of gods; it is a absence of confidence in gods. More established word references characterize atheism as “a belief that there is no God.” Clearly, theistic effect contaminates these definitions. The way that word references portray Atheism as “there is no God” sells out the theistic impact. Without the theistic effect, the definition would at any least read “there are no gods.”

Atheism isn’t a conviction framework nor is it a religion. While there are a couple of religions that are atheistic, that doesn’t suggest that atheism is a religion. To put it in a dynamically diverting way: If atheism is a religion, by then not gathering stamps is a leisure activity. Despite how atheism isn’t a religion, atheism is guaranteed by various individuals of comparative Constitutional rights that protected religion. Basically, many “interfaith” gatherings will incorporate atheists. This, again, doesn’t infer that atheism is a religious belief.

Religious Disagreement

The area of religious inquiry is depicted by unavoidable and obviously obstinate disagreement. Whatever position one takes on central severe inquiries—for example, whether or not God exists, what the possibility of God might be, regardless of whether the world has an explanation, whether there is life past death one will stand repudiated to a gigantic surprising of extraordinarily instructed and keen researchers. The truth of broad religious disagreement raises a couple of specific philosophical issues. Various requests concern the opportunity of accommodating disagreement data with explicit strict convictions. For example, can consistent religious disagreement be squared with the conviction of various Christians and various theists that God “needs everyone to be saved and to come to information on reality”. These and other significant inquiries won’t be taken up here. One may feel that religious disagreement doesn’t raise specific epistemological issues past those that are tended to in an increasingly expansive work on logical inconsistency.

Conclusion

Numerous individuals of sensitivity and observation, regardless of whether they have a strict confidence or not, see with alarm the developing realism of this age. To any individual who is at all alive to the contemporary God, the general existence of this nation, in spite of numerous ethics, displays all the symptoms of God-deficiency. Religion is just human’s endeavors to get God; this endeavor is totally neutral and normal at beginning yet can be utilized as a device to achieve great and awful results. God is routinely held to be ethereal. Incorporeality and corporeality of God are related to starts of greatness and characteristic of God, with spots of combination, for instance, the “inherent amazing quality”. Man doesn’t obviously live by bread alone; he just proceeds with his physical presence with some attending mental wonders. It is the valid Word of God, the superhuman truth which challenges him and breathes life into his soul. Religion is an arrangement of ideas and practices that help us with finding the experience of God. Religions that work, don’t work for everyone. Religions are not so much the best route for everyone to experience God.

References

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  4. Monotheism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy). (2020). Retrieved 1 May 2020, from https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/monotheism/
  5. monotheism | Definition, Types, Examples, & Facts. (2020). Retrieved 1 May 2020, from https://www.britannica.com/topic/monotheism
  6. What Is Monotheism?. (2020). Retrieved 1 May 2020, from https://www.learnreligions.com/what-is-monotheism-4079967
  7. Theism. (2020). Retrieved 1 May 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theism
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  9. Polytheism. (2020). Retrieved 30 April 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polytheism
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