Oxford dictionary defines beauty as a combination of qualities, such as shape, colour or form that pleases the aesthetic senses especially sight. Beauty defines perfection. It can be seen all over the world, mostly in the creation of God. Each and everything has its own beauty. It is not only define physically but it can be seen with a deep meaning. And on the other hand, mathematucs define as a challenging one. It is about shapes, lines, numbers, measurement, equations, formulas and perfection. Combining beauty and mathematics we can create a oerfect art or piece.
Art is defined as the product of creative mind and expressed ideas and emotions that is something aesthetic or beautiful. Artworks usually emerges from the strongest emotions and feelings of the artist which is creatively interpreted in various types such as visuals, musics, literacy, dances, and etc. But we will just give emphasis to the visual arts for it is the common type of artwork even on the early ages. Visual artworks are considered present hundreds and thousands of years ago. Before it broad as what it is now, visual artwork reaches its zenith in rennaisance and medieval period through sculptures, structures, and paintings of the prominent people in this field.
Talking about creativity and beauty, have you ever imagine mathematics in these sublime artworks? Mathematics and art are indeed distinct in their own field specifically in academics. But their relations has a long history as early as 4th century B.C. Mathematics then gained its entitlement as the basis of perfection through geometry and mathematical solution known as Golden Ratio. Golden ratio or golden mean, divine proportion or golden section, whatever term it is, it all pertains to perfection if it is approximately 1.6180339887 when solved using the formula. Everything that lands in these mathematical constant are considered perfect.
When we say mathematics, we alraedy know that it is challenging. Let’s connect it to arts, isn’t it interesting? Those patterns used in paintings and artworksis part of Mathematics. They both have string connections in terms of beauty. You can see it in many artworks of all well-known artists. Doing an artwork, artist has their own basis in creating their piece. They believed that their piece is a result of perfection. We know that there is perfection in Mathematics world. According to Math Central there is a relationship between them, not to mention the basic components life measuring and lines but the complexity of art can be described using Math. If you see an artwork you can’t literally see mathematics on it.
At first you will see how beautiful it is, but you didn’t know that those masterpiece is contained different variety of Math. Those perfect lines, those perfect shapes, the symmetrical lines and perfect measurement makes the art perfectly beautiful. Creating beauty of Math in an art comes with perfection. But what does mathematics really have to do with beauty in art? From the fact and for the record there are really quite a lot of things which proves that mathematics indeed creates beauty. Let us give a brief acknowledgement to Leonardo Da Vinci’s undeniably beautiful masterpieces though well used other artworks from other artists as examples later on. (For it is usual evidence of perfection from the use of Mathematics) what do you think makes Da Vinci’s artworks beautiful? It’s nit just his artistic talent that did all the work, but also mathematics. He used mathematics to imbued perfection to his artworks through golden ratio. For he once stated that ‘the merit of painting lies in the exactness of reproduction.
Painting is a science and ll sciences are based on Mathematics.’ (Leonardo Da Vinci). Illustrations in the book ‘The Divine Proportion of Luca Paciolo were made by Da Vinci in their contemporary times in 1509. Another prominent artist and artwork from rennaisance is Michaelangelo and his paintings in the Sistine chapel that was found to have the used of golden proportion. Divine proportion is presented in this artwork, ‘the creation of adam’ at the touching point of Adam’s and God’s finger, that moment when God breathes life into Adam. Where in the touching point is found at the golden ratio of both their horizontal and vertical dimensions. This golden ratio point is also presented in either use of the outside and inside borders of the painting rather than of God’s and Adam’s border.