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History of Science in Dates

Updated January 27, 2021

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History of Science in Dates essay

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Science is a precise enterprise that manufactures and composes knowledge in the form of experimental explanations and expectations about the universe. 3.3 million years ago: The first tools – used by an ancestor like Australopithecus.

1 million years ago: Fire- invented by the ancestor of Homo sapiens.
20,000 to 15,000 years ago: Neolithic Revolution- people get their food by foraging.
6000 BCE: Irrigation – the first irrigation systems arose simultaneously in the civilizations of the Tigris-Euphrates river valley in Mesopotamia and the Nile River valley in Egypt.
4000 BCE: Sailing- first sailing ships were used on Nile River.
1200 BCE: Iron- became widespread as the metal superseded bronze.
850 CE: Gunpowder- originated from China, it was invented by Alchemists. It was used propel rockets connected to the arrows.
950: Windmill- the first windmills were in Persia. It is a horizontal windmills in which the blades were determined to a vertical shaft.
1044: Compass- the first authoritative notice of a magnetic compass dates from a Chinese book completed in 1044.
1250-1300: Mechanical clock- the first mechanical clocks was originated in Europe toward the end of 13th century and were utilized in cathedrals to time when administrations would be held.
1455: Printing- Johannes Gutenberg was the one who completed the printing of the Bible, it is the first book printed in the West using movable type.
1765: Steam Engine- James Watt improved the Newcomen steam engine by including a condenser that transformed the steam over into liquid water.
1804: Railways- Engineer Richard Trevithick was the one who built the first railway train at an ironworks in Wales.
1807: Steamboat- Robert Fulton put the steam engine on water. His steamboat was called the Clermont.
1826: Photography- In 1826 or 1827, Nicephore Niepce invented the first photograph.
1831: Reaper- Cyrus McCormick invented the mechanical reaper. It was utilized by the farmers to harvest crops mechanically.
1844: Telegraph- it was invented by Samuel Morse.
1876: Telephone- Alexander Graham Bell invented the first telephone.
1876: Internal combustion engine- it was built by Engineer Nikolaus Otto.
1879: Electric light- Thomas Edison invented the carbon filament light bulb.
1885: Automobile- Karl Benz utilized a one-cylinder engine to power the first automobile.
1901: Radio- Guglielmo Marconi invented the first radio.
1903: Airplane- Orville Wright invented the first airplane flight of 120ft.
1926: Rocketry- Robert Goddard invented the first rocket. He accomplished the first test flight of a liquid-fueled rocket. The rocket flew 12.5 meters.
1927: Television- it was invented by Philo T. Farnsworth, he invented the first electronic television transmission.
1937: Computer- John Atanasoff invented the first electronic digital computer.
1942: Nuclear Power- it was invented by Enrico Fermi, he used uranium to make the first self-sustaining chain reaction.
1947: Transistor- Engineers John Bardeen, William Shockley and Walter Brattain invented the first demonstration of transistor.
1957: Spaceflight- Konstantin Tsiolkovsky invented the spaceflight. The Soviet Union amazed the world, it propelled the first artificial satellite.
1974: Personal Computer- Ed Roberts invented the first PC. The first computer that developed after World War II were gigantic, in any case, with advances in technology, particularly in putting transistors on a semiconductor chip, PC’s got both smaller and more powerful.
1974: Internet- Vinton Cerf and Robert Kahn produced the TCP/IP.
2012: CRISPR- Biochemist Jennifer Doudna and Mircobiologist Emmanuelle Charpentier developed CRISPR.
2017: Artificial Intelligence- John McCarthy is the “founding fathers” of Artificial Intelligence.


Modern Science began to develop in 1543. The father of Modern Science is Galileo Galilei, he is also the father of observational astronomy, father of modern physics and the father of the scientific method. Francis Bacon was the first person to invent the concept of Scientific Method. I think Science exist first before Technology, because Science exists since the day on which universe was made. We may have discovered the responses to numerous questions related to Science later. Yet, it doesn’t imply that it was not there before. Science is researched however technology is made. As Albert Einstein said “Scientists investigate that which already is; engineers create that which has never been.” Everything can be clarified by science. We have not made science, it was there before us and before everything. Therefore the application of science to develop new devices, frameworks is called technology.

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History of Science in Dates. (2020, Nov 11). Retrieved from