According to Merriam-Webster dictionary a drone is a “ an unmanned aircraft or ship guided by remote control or onboard computers”. Drones are typically used for the military, they carry out missile strikes, carry electronic transmitters, and carry sensors. Drones carryout all of these missions to protect the safety of humans. The idea of drones has been around since the 1800’s, when an unmanned bomb was used to attack enemies in Austria.
During the Vietnam War America integrated the highly classified UAVs into their missions. UAV, or unmanned aerial vehicles, have pre-programmed missions or with more complex dynamic automation systems. Currently, the main UAV program that is widely known to society is the use in military, but in recent years drones have become very popular and are used on a daily basis. Civilians have various uses for drones such as filming photography and even just for fun. Since drones have become more affordable and available to purchase in stores even companies have decided to adopt the technology into their marketing scheme. Opposing viewpoints claim that drones invade privacy, because drones can collect data and images without drawing large amounts of attention.
Consequently, Americans fear their Fourth Amendment right of privacy if drones were used to monitor the public. Critics also claim that jobs are taken from people by drones and when used in military they cause more civilian losses than they should. However, drone supporters agree that drones bring the world good, they are necessary for the technological advances the 21st century needs. Drones are an amazing technological advancement, they are setting American on track to better protect America and better the economy. Drones will ultimately help America because they provide the technological advancement needed to better the country.
Congress and Politicians believe drones bring up issues regarding privacy. “The legal scholars posit that drones could potentially violate the Fourth Amendment that protects citizens from unreasonable searches and seizures when drones are used for surveillance.” ( Wang 174) Many politicians have warned that in the near future the federal government will use drones to patrol the border which would discard the mass amount of border patrol agents. The use of domestic drones is now concerning citizens about their right to privacy and the concern is the violation of the Fourth Amendment drones will bring. Concerned citizens sent in a formal petition on March 2013 to the United States customs and border protection agency.
They requested the suspension of drones until legalization has established the legality of domestic drones along the boarder and within society. For many United States citizens the idea of government drones flying overheads and constantly monitoring their activities is the opposite of is what is believed to be a free society. Americans believe by allowing domestic drones to fly around they will be watched twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week. A study conducted by Princeton University claims their participants in America were afraid to have their privacy invaded by drones.
As established earlier, the early creation of a drone or UAV in the history of drones was seen in 1839, when Austrian soldiers attacked the city of Venice with unmanned balloons filled with explosives. Some of the Austrian balloons were successful at bombing Venice, but a large number of the balloons flew back and went off on Austrains lines. Consequently, this practice was not widely used. In addition to the unsuccessful bombing winged aircraft got in the way of unmanned vehicles. According to The History of drones “The Wright Brothers’ famous Kitty Hawk flight was in 1900, and only 16 years later Great Britain developed the first pilotless winged aircraft: the Ruston Proctor Aerial Target.”
The Aerial Target was essentially a flying bomb that England hope would counter the German Zeppelins. After many failed attempts and prototypes the British completely abandoned the idea and did not believe drones would have an impact on military. Approximately a year later , an American substitute was created called the Hewitt-Sperry Automatic Airplane. After exceptional test before representatives of the US Army, a more advanced version was made called the Kettering Bug. Unfortunately, it was developed too late in the war for it to be used in combat. Throughout World War II is when the UAV technology improved and into the Cold War. However, they were seen as unreliable and excessively expensive. Modern drone warfare did not begin until 1982, when Israel used UAVs alongside manned aircrafts.
Military drones typically used for combat surveillance, where a human pilot uses radio control to fly a drone to find enemy positions. According to a Wall Street Journal report, non-military use of drones began in 2006. Government agencies for disaster relief, wildfire fighting, border surveillance, also companies began to use them to spray pesticides on farmland. As drones began to become more prevalent in world big corporations like Amazon announced in 2013 the company would be using drones as a delivery method. Therefore igniting the public’s interest in drones and in 2015 the FAA issued over 1000 permits, and in 2016 the number tripled with 3100 permits being issued.
Over the past few years, drones have become very important to the functions of various businesses and governmental organizations and have managed to be able to break through areas where specific industries were lagging behind. From quick deliveries to scanning an unreachable military base, drones are proving to be extremely beneficial in places where man cannot reach or is unable to perform as well as the UVA vehicles. Increasing work efficiency and productivity, decreasing workload and production costs, improving accuracy, refining service and customer relations on a huge scale are a few of the top uses UVAs offer industries.
The adoption of drone technology within industries began at trend stage but now has blown up into a massive step forward for the industries utilizing the advanced technology of drones. Whether drones are being controlled by a remote or accessed through a smartphone app, they have the capability of reaching the most remote areas with little to no manpower needed. They also require the least amount of time, energy, and effort.
This is one of the biggest reasons why they are being adopted worldwide, especially by these very important four sectors: commercial use, Military use, personal use, and the future of technology. Drones will be saving companies like Amazon billions of dollars, using drones as way to deliver packages will be extremely beneficial to the company the delivering fees will be cut down to $1.20. That is extremely cheap compared to FedEx whose delivering fee is $3.20. Thus drones will be saving big name industries like Amazon, with prices being vastly cheap and delivery time cut down to thirty minutes. They will gain a plethora of customers.