The life of every one of us is extremely dependent on the scientific creations and modern-day machineries. Science and expertise have changed the lives of people to a great extent. It has made life easy, simple and fast. In the new epoch, the scientific advance has become a necessity to finish the time of bullock cart and bring the drift of motor-powered automobiles. Science and Engineering have been implemented to every aspect of transformation in every nation. Science and Engineering are separated by an expanse so small, but wide enough that one side can’t see the other. The spirit of science is inquiry; the essence of engineering is design.
Inquiry and design are perfectly distinct as ideas, but often linked in practice, whether within an arena, a research program, a development team, or a single creative mind. Interlocking design with inquiry can be as dynamic as hand-eye coordination. Engineering new instruments aids inquiry, while scientific inquiry can empower design. The terms science and engineering, are frequently pronounced in the same breath and used as substitutes, because they are meticulously intertwined, that their difference is many a time ignored. But the close, intertwining links between scientific inquiry and engineering design can obscure how deeply they differ.
Science is about discovering truths, finding facts, recognition of phenomenon hidden by the nature. Observations and experimentation, in science, support in describing truth and realisms through systematic procedures. Science is an intellectual set of activities designed to reveal information about everything associated to this world in which we live. The evidence gathered is systematized through scientific approaches to form persuasive patterns. The primary objective of science is to gather information and to differentiate the order found between actualities.
Whereas, Engineering is a multi-layered field and there are a diversity of branches, but the four main concentrations are mechanical, chemical, electrical, and civil. Simply put, mechanical deals with everything that moves and uses quantum mechanics; chemical clearly goes hand-in-hand with interaction; electrical deals with calculation and processer knowledge; and civil also count on physical science, as it motivates design, construction, and maintenance of the physical setting, including roads, bridges, canals, dams, and buildings.
Though science and engineering overlap, there are a number of important differences between the two, Science is the process of exploring new knowledge and engineering is the use of laws of science to create new products. Science doesn’t change and aims at discovery. Engineering is dynamic in nature and focuses on Invention. Science is Study of structure and behaviour of natural and physical world, to create premises, while engineering deals with putting those premises into practice. Science makes predictions and engineering simplify the work and fulfills the needs of people.
“At its heart, engineering is about using science to find creative,
practical solutions. It is a noble profession.”- Queen Elizabeth II
“Science is about knowing, engineering is about doing.”-Henry Petroski
The two quotes given above concisely conclude the variation between science and engineering. They strengthen the idea that science is an instrument of engineering, but science and engineering each have their own discrete goals. Science aims to know; engineering aims to do. Science has helped us in acquisition of knowledge of the things existing in the universe and also to make forecasts on future outcomes. Engineering, on the other hand, has helped us in simplifying our work by providing us numerous products, that helps us to get better results in less time.