Physical activity is associated with improving fitness. It reduces the risk of developing several diseases and improve our health. The routine physical activities without undue fatigue and ability to carry out daily tasks is a physical fitness.
The maintenance of health and fitness helps a person to be in the general state of health and well-being. It provides ability to perform physical actions without being tired or restless. Physical activity can be a form of exercise. Doing regular exercise is important throughout life, regardless of age, but it is particularly important for older people, including those with disabilities.
Exercise is any bodily movement or activity that requires effort and results in improved health and fitness. People exercise for many different personal reasons, including to increase cardiovascular capacity, to increase muscular strength, to control body weight or to lose body fats, and to socialize. Being fit should be the first aim of living a healthy lifestyle. Being involved in daily physical exercises not only keep us fit but also improve the lifestyle and healthy living. It increases the energy level and thus confidence level. One fitness component which needs to be developed is flexibility.
Flexibility is the ability of the joints to move through a full range of motion. It is an essential part of well-being and overall fitness. It can encounter this in the daily activities like walking, lifting, and others. Enjoy spending hours on morning walk, running, working out at the gym or other physical activities to keep body functioning as well as improve muscle endurance. To improve flexibility, stretching is very important. When it comes to staying fit and healthy increasing the flexibility is right up there with cardiovascular health and strength training.
Flexibility also plays a key role, as a restriction in lateral and hamstring flexibility results in the development of lower back pain. The best way to maintain flexibility is to stretch regularly. Whatever the age, it must incorporate stretching at least once a day.
Even if it is not part of an exercise regimen, there are several simple stretching exercises that can do at the desk or even in front of the TV. If time is short, focus on stretches that work the larger muscle groups such as shoulders, hamstrings, hips and lower back, and calf muscles. It is these areas that are prone to stiffness and soreness as grow older. But remember to always be careful to not overdo it.
Good flexibility promotes healthy muscles and joints. Improving and maintaining a good range of motion in your joints can enhance your quality of life. Improving the elasticity of muscles and connective tissue around joints allows greater freedom of movement and enhances your ability to participate in many types of sports and perform activities with greater ease.
There are a lot test to be used in measuring flexibility. One of this is the sit and reach test but some of them could be used like zipper test or shoulder test, trunk rotation test, and groin flexibility test. The sit and reach test has been used previously to measure trunk flexion pre- and post-inversion in a study conducted by Kim et al.
The sit and reach was also utilized to provide a means of measuring the flexibility of the entire spine, gluteal muscles, and hamstring muscles. The test started by slowly reaching the farthest point possible without bending the knees. It could be repeated three times and then get the average score. This test is important as because tightness in this area is implicated in lumbar lordosis, forward pelvic tilt and lower back pain.
It was observed that 37.5% of the students has poor flexibility. Furthermore, the school does not have an exercise program for flexibility that can be use for fitness improvement. It is for this reason that the study is conducted in order to determine flexibility level of Grade 12-ABM Block 1 students of Asian Development Foundation College and develop an exercise program that will improve the students flexibility level.