The term, higher education otherwise known as tertiary or post-secondary education, refers to form of education that follows the primary and secondary levels of school, which consists of elementary, middle and high school. In order to receive a higher education in the United States, you must go attend both primary, usually up to fifth or sixth grade, and secondary school, until after high school, which ends at around 12 years of education. The school calendar starts the year in the late summer or early fall, like August and September and continues until the late spring and early summer, usually May and June. Most school follow a semester or trimester schedule, where the school year is split into two terms or three-quarter period. When the school year begins, you will be required to take classes that fall under general knowledge such as, history, science, art, social studies, math. These classes will provide you the foundation for whatever topic you want to broaden your understanding of.
There are many levels that can be achieved while going through university or college. The first official level, as in graduate level, is a Associate of Arts or an Associate of Science degree, which is usually the degree obtainable from 2 years of prerequisite courses at a community college. You will then proceed on to a four-year college where the first stage is a bachelor’s degree. In order to choose the subject you would like to graduate with, you would need to select a major, the specific field you would like to focus on to acquire your degree.
After receiving a bachelor’s degree, the next level would be master’s degree for which you would need to complete a graduate program usually involving a research paper, called the “master’s thesis” or another assignment called the master’s project. A master’s program would take, on average, one to two years in order to complete. The next and final level that can be earned through university or college is a Doctorate degree or a PhD, which stands for Doctor of Physiology. Most school would say that first the step to attaining a PhD is a master’s degrees, although there are certain school that will not require a master’s degree to move on to the next one. Once again, obtaining a doctorate degree will require at least three years, the first two of which, will be focused towards classes and seminars.
The last year will be focused more towards conducting research and writing the final dissertation, which much must contain information and research from an independent study that are unique and that have not been published before. Most colleges and universities that provide students with their doctorate degrees will also require a few more things. According to Study in the USA, their candidates must have “reading knowledge of two foreign languages, spend a required length of time ‘in residence,’ to pass a qualifying examination that officially admits candidates to the PhD program, and to pass an oral examination on the same topic as the dissertation.”
There are also a couple other different types of higher education in the United States, the first of which being state colleges and universities. These state schools are government-funded public schools that are frequently all over the US. Study in the USA also states that, “Each of the 50 U.S. states operates at least one state university and possibly several state colleges”. This is revealed by the fact that many of these colleges and universities have their state or the term “state” in their name, such as Iowa State University and University of New Hampshire.