I decided to do my report on Thomas Alva Edison because he brought a lot of things into our world. He invented the light bulb, the alkaline battery, the phonograph, and many other things. Many of our modern electronics origins came from Thomas A. Edison. I thought he was very interesting. That is why I chose him. Thomas Alva Edison was born in Milan, Ohio, on February 11, 1847, and lived with his middle class parents, Samuel Edison (his father) and Nancy Edison (his mother). Surprisingly, the young boy did not even talk until he was four years old. In 1854, at age seven, Tom and his parents moved to Port Huron, Michigan.
There, near the beginning of the year in a noisy schoolhouse with 38 other kids, his teacher lost his patience with Toms behavior and endless questions. So, his mother pulled him out of school and home taught him very well, for she used to be a teacher. But, Toms parents were not educated enough to home teach Tom, for his growing interest in things dealing with physics found his parents stumped. Luckily, his parents had enough money to hire a tutor. By age twelve, he had persuaded his parents to let him sell snacks and newspaper on the railroad. By age fourteen, he had published his first newspaper called the â€œWeekly Herald. At its high point, Tom sold 400 copies per day and was getting $10 per day (which was a lot back then). Because of the newspaper, he now had enough money to focus more on experiments. Tom now had one lab in the basement of his home and kept things for experiments in his locker on the train. One day, while crossing a bumpy section of the track, the train jerked, letting a chemical from Toms experiment fall on the floor and set fire to the train.
The conductor was so mad he hit Tom in the head and fired him. When Tom was 14, he contracted scarlet fever. This and/or being hit in the head made Tom totally deaf in his left ear and almost totally deaf in his right. His newspaper publishing and selling was over after he was thrown off the train by a railroad supervisor. This incident happened for no reason; Tom had not done anything wrong. Even so, he continued to visit the train station. One day, the stationmasters son happened to be wandering near the track when a train was coming. Tom quickly saved the boy from being run over. In reward for saving his son, James Mackenzie (the stationmaster) taught Tom Morse Code and how to operate the telegraph. During this time, Thomas Edison invented the automatic repeater. This invention repeated a message automatically to the person you ware sending it to until it was answered. Surprisingly, he never got paid for inventing this, even though it was very popular. After this, in 1868, he moved to Boston, Massachusetts.
Here he invented the vote counter. The vote counter counted votes quickly and electronically. However, the politicians (people who are running for something such as president) did not want it because they wanted more time to persuade people to vote for them.After this, he moved to New York, New York and was basically starving because he had no money. He walked down the street and begged for a cup of tea from the person at a drink stand. Then he noticed a crowd standing around a broken stock ticker. He made his way through the crowd and saw the owner who was panicking because he needed it for business. Tom fixed it easily. The owner was extremely happy. His company offered Tom a job to fix things for a monthly salary of $300.00. This was twice as much as the best electrician in N.Y.C. Of course, he took the offer.As always, he used up his free time inventing things.
In his free time, he invented a new stock ticker. A company paid $40,000 for all their rights for it! That was a ton of money back then. In 1877, while Tom was trying to invent the telegraph recorder, he accidentally invented the phonograph. This invention made Tom famous all over the world. Other inventions in 1870s include: a quadruplex (a phone), an electric pen, a mimeograph (a copier) and an electric pen. Over the next three years, his progress boomed. With all of his money, he was able to create a lab in Newark, New Jersey. In 1879, he made a sudden turn and started a race. To win the race, you had to be the first one to make an electric lamp.
As time went by, many people started to join the race. He knew he needed to create a vacuum and burn something in it. He tried string, and many other things, even human hair. It worked fairly well, but he knew he couldnt do that. After a long time, he finally found something that worked. It was carbonized cardboard. He had invented the electric lamplin 1888, Thomas invented a number of things. One of these was a kinetoscope. It was a wooden box that people looked through to see a movie. In 1914, he invented a device that was a cross between the kinetoscope and the phonograph. It was a movie with sound. Thomas Edisons family life started when he was twenty-four and he married Mary Stilwell when she was sixteen in 1871. She had three children. Their names were Marion, Thomas Jr. and William.
His wife died in 1884 at age twenty-nine. Two years later, He married Mina Miller. They were married for forty-five years and had three more children. When Thomas grew older, so did his deafness. Mina told Tom what people were saying by tapping the words on his knee in Morse code. All in all, Thomas Edison was not a very good father because he was busy all the time. However, this busyness and hard work changed our lives with his many inventions. One of his famous quotes describes his attitude, â€œelnvention is one percent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration.â€ Thomas Edison died on October 18, 1931 in West Orange, New Jersey. At his funeral, these words were spoken, a€ Picture an electric-lightless, an electric-powerless, a telephoneless, a motion-pictureless, a phonographless world, and a faint realization of his greatness dawns upon us.