Violence by young people is one of them the most obvious forms of violence. Even fatal attacks or non-fatal in which young people are involved, in greatly contribute to the overall number of premature deaths, injuries and disability. Youth violence largely deeply hurts not only the victims but also the families their friends and companions. There is a close connection between youth violence and other forms of violence. Young violent people often commit numerous criminal offenses and exhibit other psychological and social problems.
It is estimated that in 2000 there were around the world 199,000 youth murders – the equivalent of 565 deaths children and young people aged 10 to 29 old, on average every day and this as a result of violence interpersonal. But the rate of youth homicides significantly varies depending on the region or state, and the degree of women almost everywhere is lower than male rate.
In the decade of 1985-1994 the rate of murders youth increased in many parts of the world. This increase in many cases it is related to the frequent use of pistols as a means of attack. It is estimated that in any case of loss of life of one of young man in violence, 20-40 people get injuries for him who need hospital care.
Violent non-fatal injuries include mass greater fewer gun attacks than those of fatal attacks, and in these attacks mostly including fists, legs, knives, and sticks. Studies show that drunkenness is a factor important situational which can accelerate violence. Physical beatings and chills are also many common among young people. A study of carried out on children in schools in 27 countries found that in most of them, the majority of 13-year-olds have have been involved at least occasionally in the intimidation of someone.
What Are The Main Risk Factors For Young People?
The main factors in the behavior of the connected personality with youth violence are:
- low control over behavior,
- attention problems,
- the history of early aggressive behavior,
- low educational achievements.
Influence from family and peers
The atmosphere in the home is key to the development of violent behavior in young people. Some of the factors main family related to adolescent violence they are:
- poor parental supervision of children and severe corporal punishment for their discipline,
- conflict between parents in early childhood,
- low level of loyalty between the child and parents,
- mother who gave birth to the first child at a young age,
- experience of parental separation or separation in early age,
- low level of family cohesion,
- low socio-economic status of the family.
Accompanying a delinquent peer is also associated with violence against young people.
Social, political and cultural factors
Bands and local supply of weapons and drugs are possible combination which increase the likelihood of youth violence.
- The low level of social cohesion in society is related to higher steps of youth violence.
- The quality of governance with the state, its laws and the degree to which they are implemented and the policy of social protection have a significant effect on violence.
- Factors such as unequal income, changes and demographic rapidity in the young population and urbanization, all of which are positively related to youth violence.
- Cultures that do not provide non-alternatives violent to resolve conflicts seems to have higher rates of youth violence.
What Can Be Made To Realize A New Rain?
Various methods have been proven to prevent violent behavior among young people. The most common interventions require changing skills, attitudes, and trust in the individual. Such programs are often implemented in schools and are prepared to help children and adolescents manage anger, resolve conflicts, and develop appropriate social skills to solve problems.
Another common strategic prevention group that treat youth violence concentrates on the intervention of early in children and families. Such programs provide parents with information on the development of children and teach them how to effectively discipline, monitor and supervise children as well as how to lead family conflicts and improve communication. Interventions for parents and children are among the most promising strategies for the production of reduced long-term youth violence.
Other approaches focus on society and some of them more pronounced social factors related to youth violence. They are brought about by information campaigns of the public and the development of society’s policies up to to improving environments such as schools and hospitals. This includes legislative reforms, judicial and educational as well as other reforms in policies that are intended to facilitate them the effects of rapid social change and them address armed violence among young people. But, most of these approaches are not evaluated.
Examples Of Strategies For The Prevention Of Youth Violence
- Preschool programs for enriching content
- Social development programs (especially those that emphasize them social skills and powers)
- Programs for the prevention of fear
- Orientation professional
- Stimulants for young people at risk of high for violence to end secondary education
- Home visit (along with regular visits by a medical nurse or other health care worker with families in need special for support and guidance in raising children and caring to them)
- Parent training
- Family therapy
- Mentoring programs
- Meditation with peers / counseling peers
- Improving the school environment by including educational practices, school policies and insurance
- School programs
- Activities outside the educational program
- Improving response in cases urgent, traumatic care and access to health services
- Training for health workers that to discover and guide young people with high risk of violence
- Activities and policies to reduce effects from rapid changes social and for dealing with armed violence between the youths.