Reading is the process of gathering information by reading or scanning a specific type of text in order to gather information, to pleasure ourselves in our leisure time or to finish a specific task. It is also considered as the basic type of learning after speaking. From your childhood, you are taught how to read after practicing how to speak in enable to pass in school’s requirement to be accepted as a student. It is hard to study especially if you are just a mere children, even if your just reading Filipino language, so it’s really a challenge for the students to even read a text using English language, specifically the larger books used by higher level.
Notably, the Philippines is the only pre-dominantly Christian country in Asia (roughly 80 percent of the population is Roman Catholic). Equally notable, English is a national language in the Philippines next to Filipino (Tagalog) and spoken by about two-thirds of the population, although there are still some 170 additional Malayo-Polynesian languages in use throughout the archipelago.
Before, according to UNICEF, The number of illiterate Filipinos, is accumulated to 15 million in the last 6 years, but as the Malacanang did their best to support the education and reading programs here in the country, it is expected to decrease as more opportunities are given to the students and children to prevent them from stop schooling every year.
Some of the factors that affect the reading skills of the students are lesser time to study, parents wasn’t able to guide their child in studying because of work, nature and surroundings, physical aspects such as lack of motivation, lack of guidance and knowledge about their future.
This month, it launched Project ReaCh (Reaching All Children). This program allows public schools to hold another enrolment in October to accommodate about 5.6 million out-of-school youth.
Reading is the basic and most important skill among all because without the knowledge gathered through reading, you wouldn’t be learn basic to hard things. If you can’t deal with small topics, you can’t also deal with new studies. A student doesn’t always need to be lectured in able to learn, they can learn by themselves by just reading and analyzing what have they read. Reading must be practiced not just in school but also even in the house of students. Different simple task like reading a book, pamphlet, blog, letters and dictionaries is a great help, not just to develop your reading skills but also increase your comprehension and exercise your brain.
Next skill is said to be the counter part of speaking skill which is ‘Writing’ skill that is also an important part of communication. Writing is not a language but considered as a tool used to read or delivered the idea of a text. Writing relies many structures such as spelling, vocabulary and semantics. Good writing skills allow you to communicate your message with clarity and ease to a far larger audience than through face-to-face, telephone or any conversations by the use of speaking.
Writing is also considered as the most crucial part of the communication because of the different factors such as all the words must be properly written to be understand, careful usage of symbols so it will not cause any misinterpretation to the reader, correct spelling to clarify the subject your pertaining to, use of proper indentions and many more.
Correct grammar, punctuation and spelling are key in written communications. The reader will form an opinion of you, the author, based on both the content and presentation, and errors are likely to lead them to form a negative impression.
If you are unconvinced about the importance of accurate writing, think of the clues we use to identify spam emails, “phishing” websites, and counterfeit products: poor grammar and spelling.
Poor writing skills create poor first impressions and many readers will have an immediate negative reaction if they spot a spelling or grammatical mistake. As just some example, a spelling mistake on a commercial web page may cause potential customers to doubt the credibility of the website and the organization, poor grammar in a story might lead to questioning of the credibility of an author, wrong usage of words in a sentence might lead to another meaning apart from your intention.
Being good in writing, means you are also good in the language since you are writing the message in a detailed form. These type of persons are often called to write a report, plan or strategy at work, write a grant application or even a press release in multimedia accounts within a volunteering role; or you may fancy communicating your ideas online via a blog. You can also your skill to gain money like being a research teacher, writing for a publication company, creating your own stories that might possibly hit and winning different awards for your work.
Last but not the least, is considered as the most pivotal part of learning the language but also the hardest at the same time which is ‘Vocabulary’ that is about the words that make up the language. A vocabulary is a set of familiar words within a person’s language. A vocabulary, usually developed with age, serves as a useful and fundamental tool for communication and acquiring knowledge. Acquiring an extensive vocabulary is one of the largest challenges in learning a second language.
Vocabulary is one of the five pillars of reading comprehension as set forth in No Child Left Behind legislation here in the Philippines. Reading comprehension depends upon the meaning readers give words. The more vocabulary words students know, the better they are able to comprehend. Researchers said that a large vocabulary opens students up to a wider range of reading materials, which means rich vocabulary also improves students’ ability to communicate through speaking, listening, and writing.
There are different reasons stated why learning vocabulary becomes hard, some given are never encountered the word, heard the word, but cannot define it, can’t recognize the word due to context or tone of voice, able to use the word and understand the general and/or intended meaning, but cannot clearly explain it and fluency with the word – its use and definition. Though no particular method for teaching vocabulary has been identified as best (Beck and McKeown 1991), a number of instructional strategies such as identifying synonyms and antonyms, providing examples and non-examples, and relating words to one’s own life, have yielded growth in students’ vocabulary.
Learning vocabulary gives the child the ability to say what he or she means like by having several words at their disposal for describing an event or emotion, they can be explicit when sharing their ideas and opinions. It helps your child understand what other people are saying and what she/he is reading. Vocabulary is the foundation for comprehension. Unfamiliar words become holes in the text, preventing the student from completely understanding what he or she has just read. It bolsters their ability to grasp ideas and think more logically.
The greater number of words the child has, the more he or she can interpret ideas from others, and express their own ideas. It boosts the student’s power of persuasion. Having a rich vocabulary will help your child communicate in a more engaging way. Relying on one or two words to describe an idea will be repetitive and not as persuasive, as relying on a vocabulary of 10-15 similarly descriptive terms. It helps the students to make a good impression on others. How articulate your child is constitutes a big part of the impression she or he makes on others.
As the study, research and interview goes on, the thing that matters the most is the connection of the students to their teacher in enable to create a energy and build new ideas, experience new activities and give motivations to persuade the students, not just to study the foreign language but to develop the specific macro skills and improve their weakness as well.