Indian Higher Education System

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Higher education determines the country’s socio-economic and technological progress in the era of globalization. The quality higher education leads to enhanced productivity and economic prosperity for the country. It is the gateway to economic security and opportunity, particularly for women in India. Women being the part of socio-economic system up hold rich cultural and traditional values. Their progress is equated with the progress of the nation.

The Indian Government has introduced policies and procedures with the goal of sensitizing the higher education system, recognize gender equity and increase in the women enrolment in higher education. Higher education for women in India has witnessed an impressive growth over the years and the Government is pooling resources needed to promote female education at all levels. Uma Pujar (2014) observed that gross enrolment ration in higher education in India has been significantly increased to 17.9% from 12.3% during eleventh plan and it was six times over the period of last 30 years.

The enrolment in professional courses such as engineering and medicine has significant growth. The relationship between education expenditure and economic growth for the period 1951-2011 was established by S. G. Dastidar & M. Chatterji (2015). S. R. Ahmad & Mohammad Un Nisa(2017) emphasized on privatization of higher education in India and they observed that Indian higher education system has shown impressive growth over last decade and the increase in the number of private educational institutes resulted in increased enrolment in higher education.

Approximately 60% students are enrolled in private institutes in India. S. Samuel Ravi (2015) argued that privatization of higher education has resulted in significant increase in student enrollment and degree holders. The critical issues relating to quality and quantity of higher education in India was discussed by S. S. Hiremath & D. R. Albal (2016) . M. Chahal (2015) has thrown light on growth in higher education in terms of institutions enrolment and suggested that the challenges of Indian economy should be overcomed through proper policy formation and implementation. An Ancient rich tradition of excellence in higher education has continued over time in India post independence India has witnessed tremendous efforts for sustainable higher education by Indian government was explained by D. Sen (2016). He also argued that the period since 1947 to 1986 was the period of massive improvement in higher education and 1986 onwards massive privatization in Indian higher education system.

N. Kumari & A. Sharma (2017) revealed that higher education has a vital role in securing socio-economic progress. According to them higher education helps in improving income distribution and promote entrepreneurship and technological advances. Soloman A David (2017) argued that theoretical and empirical exploration confirmed that access in higher education in India is achieved through all doors such as privatization, financial interests, reservation etc.


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Indian Higher Education System. (2020, Dec 09). Retrieved from https://samploon.com/indian-higher-education-system/

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