Biography of Nelson Mandela

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Nelson Mandela was born in the Madiba clan in the village of Mvezo on 18 July 1918. When he was a kid he would listen to the elders’ stories of his ancestor’s valor during the wars of resistance; this gave him the dream of personally contributing to the freedom struggle of his people. When Nelson got involved with politics his mission began expanding and twisting into something more magnificent then he could have ever thought. Mandela entered politics by joining the African National Congress in 1942 and founding the youth league of Congress, while in 1952 he became the ANC’s deputy national president, Mandela organized a paramilitary branch of the ANC to carry out warfare against the white government after a group of peaceful demonstrators were massacred the result of this was Mandela getting arrested and convicted of sabotage and treason then sentenced to life in prison, where he became the leading symbol of South Africa.

1942 was the year that Mandela started to get more into politics especially after joining the African National Congress in 1944. During his time in the African National Congress, he helped form the ANC Youth League. The main idea of the ANC Youth League was to encourage the youth to follow an active program focused on the mobilization of the masses to step up the fight against increasing segregation. In 1952, Nelson Mandela was chosen as the National Volunteer-in-Chief of the Defiance Campaign with Maulvi Cachalia as his deputy. This started his journey into the world of politics where his main goal was to campaign about civil disobedience against six unjust laws in a joint program between the ANC and the South African Indian Congress. Because of this, Nelson and 19 others were sent to prison under the charge of Suppression of Communism Act.

The Treason Trial began in 1956 after Mandela was arrested on 5 December 1956. On 21 March 1960 69 unarmed people were killed in a protest against the passed laws. The result caused the country’s first state of emergency as well as the banning of ANC and the Pan Africanist Congress on April 8. Due to the state emergency, Mandela and his colleagues in the Treason Trial were detained. A few days before the Treason trial was to end, Mandela went to Pietermaritzburg to speak at the All-in Africa Conference. During this trip, it was resolved that Mandela should write to the Prime Minister to request a national convention on a non-racial constitution. In the end, Mandela went to hide underground before getting arrested and put in jail once again.

10 May 1994 was the biggest change for South Africa since Nelson Mandela was inaugurated as the first democratically elected president. Though he did step down after his first term of presidency and started to work on the Nelson Mandela Children’s Fund he had set up in 1995. During this time he also established the Nelson Mandela Foundation and the Mandela Rhodes Foundation. Nelson Mandela never lost his ambition and devotion to learning, democracy, and equality. Nelson’s life is an inspiration to all who have ever been oppressed or deprived as well as opposed to oppression and deprivation.

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Biography of Nelson Mandela. (2021, Mar 22). Retrieved from https://samploon.com/biography-of-nelson-mandela/

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