A “juvenile” is a person who has not attained his eighteenth birthday, and “juvenile delinquency” is the violation of a law by a person prior to his eighteenth birthday which would have been a crime if committed by an adult. Delinquency is characterized by an assumption that the most important factors in explaining behavior are social, psychological and philosophical in nature. Thus such factors as social interaction, lack of proper socialization, poor education, low social economic status, poor parenting and modeling, maladaptive family structures, lack of proper values and morals, ethical dilemmas are frequently implicated to be the reasons behind juvenile delinquency. The rise of juvenile delinquency in any country is an indication towards the ill health of the country. Development and stability of a society depend on the quality of its children and a grave problem such as juvenile delinquency can’t be solved by means of legislation and government efforts alone. Government as well as private agencies must work hand in hand to find on effective remedy for the control of increasing rate of juvenile delinquency.
Primary prevention has been considered to be the best preventive method in the public health policies. While many past approaches focus on remediating visible and/or longstanding disruptive behavior, research has shown that prevention and early intervention are more effective.( Loeber, Farrington, & Petechuk, 2003 ). Early intervention prevents the onset of delinquent behavior and supports the development of a youth’s assets and resilience (Osher, Quinn, Poirier, & Rutherford, 2003).
Prevention is defined as a defensive reaction to an anticipated or expected occurrence. The term ‘delinquent prevention’ suggests that some precautionary action is taken to limit the likelihood of particular antisocial behavior from occurring (Robert Semmens). Many studies have revealed about the risk factors for delinquency and criminal offending. Risk factors are potential targets for prevention and intervention programs because they predict future criminal behavior among those not yet involved in crime. Two types of prevention programs can be there: primary and secondary prevention.
Primary prevention aims at giving interventions to “at risk” individuals before they are involved in delinquent acts and secondary prevention is directed towards preventing the reoccurrence of delinquent acts. Our study is aimed at implementation of primary prevention programs so as to stop the behavior before its occurrence. If we are able to control the violation of law by children we will be able to control and check the future crimes as that is the grave need of an hour for a better child, a better parent, a better society and a better Nation.