Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt

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Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt both developed as major civilizations between around 3500 and 3000 BCE. These cultures allowed human people, intended for the only time in history, to settle down in the same place and farm instead of hunting their regularly risky wild animal food sources. Both empires shared similarities and differences in their geography and religions that allowed them to grow and develop two of the most familiar ancient civilizations.


Prehistoric civilizations as Egypt and Mesopotamia didn’t have accessibility stores where you might go in to find your groceries. As an alternative, they remained the earliest ”farm table” civilizations, where the whole thing circled over agriculture. Together were discovered in river valleys, which occur parts of flat land that has a river passing through it. These rivers flooded every year, and the receding water would leave behind fertile soil that was excellent for planting.

The Tigris and Euphrates Rivers ran all around and through Mesopotamia, creating what’s often known as ”the Fertile Crescent”, and ancient Egypt had the Nile River passing through it. But Mesopotamia’s rivers overflowed irregularly in the spring with no warning, often causing enormous quantities of destruction and deaths. Ancient Egypt’s river overflowed every year in the summertime and remained so well-timed the ancient Egyptians developed their calendar all around it. It remained this principle on their geography to produce food that preceded the establishment of Mesopotamian and ancient Egyptian beliefs.


The religions during both Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt remained polytheistic, indicating they believed in numerous gods and goddesses and were formed by mother nature. Equally, civilizations had gods of the skies, world, freshwaters, the sun, as well as gods committed to human reactions along with the underworld. It was critical to keep nutritious connections with the gods to make sure the greatest crops, and therefore the top chance for survival.

These civilizations disagreed in their version of the gods, however. Mesopotamians, as they had a tougher time with the flooding, managed to be negative. They imagined their gods unpredictable, and that they remained one land by no means of returning after death. Ancient Egyptians, on the other hand, due to their simpler time foreseeing the floods, had more encouragement to take on their gods.

The gods of ancient Egypt might be cruel, but also gave rewards to humanity as wisdom along with justice. The Egyptian afterlife was also meant to be an improved continuance of life expectancy on Earth. As a result, every person that could pay to spend their time alive planning to be dead. This is where the Giza pyramids originated from – they were developed as very large tombs that stayed supplied with food, jewelry, tools, and servants.

Cite this paper

Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt. (2021, Mar 22). Retrieved from https://samploon.com/mesopotamia-and-ancient-egypt/

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