History and Culture of Ancient Egypt

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Egypt has fascinating information and ancient items. There is so much history and myths about the egyptians. There’s a bunch of interesting information to learn about such as the Gods, their queens, the Abu Simbel Panorama, Alexander the Great, etc. They believed in the after-life, that’s why they would mummify the kings and queen who died, so they can continue living. The pyramids are where all the mummies are buried. It is a very dry country, they experience lots of natural hazards. Their official language is arabic, but they can understand english and french.

Early Age of Egypt

Egypt was founded on June 18, 1953. It is a country linking with Northeast Africa located by the Mediterranean Sea. It is considered home to one of the oldest civilizations on the planet. Egypt is known for their pyramids, mummys, the sphinx, their language, and all ancient monuments. There’s a bunch of interesting information to learn about such as the Gods, their queens, the Abu Simbel Panorama, Alexander the Great, etc.

The egyptian name came from the Greek Aegypots, and is the ancient Egyptian name ( Hwt-Ka-Ptah), which means “Mansion of the Spirit of Ptah”, the original name of the city was called Memphis. Memphis was the first capital of Egypt. To the ancient Egyptians, their country was known as Kermet, which meant “Black Land”. Later, it was known as “Misr” which means “country” and still named Misr till the present day. (Blanchard)

Egypt has a long history, and it goes back far beyond the written word, the story about the Gods, monuments which made the culture so popular today. The written history of the land begins between 3400- 3200 BCE. The city of Xois was considered ancient by 3100-2181 BCE and is inscribed on the famous palermo stone. In other countries worldwide, the small agrarian communities became centralized and grew into large urban centers. In the Early Dynastic Period in Egypt the unification of the North and South kingdoms under the king Menes, (which is also known as Meni or Manes) of upper egypt who conquered lower egypt way back in 3118-3150 BCE. (Jarvis)

The Gods

In the Predynastic period of egypt, they believed t the Gods defined the Egpytian culture. The egyptian myth creation talks about the God Atum who stood in the midst of swirling chaos before the beginning of time and later spoke the creation into existence. Atum was then accompanied by the internal force of “Heka” (magic) it personified the god Heka and by other spiritual forces would animate the world. (IJzermans)

The Pyramids

The great pyramids have been around for about 4,500 years. Egypts history has been separated into different dynitasy. There are approximately eighty pyramids in egypt. There were also royal tombs carved into the rock and covered with a flat-roofed rectangular shape known as the “mastabas”. The pyramids were built when Egypt was at its most powerful and richest civilizations on the planet. The oldest pyramid was built in 2630 B.C. in Saqqara. It was known as the “Step Pyramid”, and it was surrounded by temples, and shrines where so called “Djoser” could enjoy the afterlife.

After Djoser, the pyramid became a norm for royal burials. The Egyptians were good at math and they used those skills to build the pyramids, that’s why They are shaped and positioned so well. The size of pyramids were about 755.75 feet, and the height was about 481.4 feet tall. Majority of the pyramids were all built for their kings and queens, they would build tombs, so when they die they get mummified. They believed if they were mummified after death, they would be able to live forever, so they built those tombs to protect their bodies when they’re dead. Including air shafts at the very top of the pyramid so their souls can leave the tomb. (history.com editors)


For starters a mummy is someone or something who is dead and gets their skin and organs preserved. It is important to their religion to preserve the body for the after-life. In the early history, mummification was practiced, some say it was accidental, but who knows? (Barrow) The process takes about seventy days tops. The first step into mummifying is removing all internal parts that’ll decay rapidly. The only part of the body they leave in is their heart, because they believe it is the center of a person’s well being and intelligence.

They place all the other organs in a jar or as they call it a canopic jar. They buried their organs in the tombs with the mummies. Next they covered the body with natron which is a type of salt that helps dry the body out. When the body is fully dried out. They wash the natron off, that’s when they begin to wrap the body up. Each mummy they wrap up needs more than a hundred yards of linen. Some priests wrap each finger and toes separately before they wrap up the body. (Smithsonian)


Ancient Egypt has interesting information to talk about, their culture is unique in their own way. I Believe it’s important to learn about other countries, because you can learn so much about the world and other people around you. They have a long written history that goes way back in time. An interesting fact about them that I did not talk about is that they created the 365 day calendar.

Cite this paper

History and Culture of Ancient Egypt. (2021, Mar 22). Retrieved from https://samploon.com/history-and-culture-of-ancient-egypt/

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