From my point of view men are more likely to suicide than women and I will endorse over the reasons behind the suicide of men in further essay. Male suicide rates are higher than their female counterparts in almost every country around the world. Many developing countries have tried to introduce suicide prevention programmes, but few have specifically targeted men. It is widely recognised that the pathways to suicide are diverse, multifactorial and complex.
Risk factors include misuse of drugs or alcohol, social isolation and low self-esteem, and long-term mental or physical illness esteem, but the main reason for suicide is depression in men. Evidence suggests that encountering depression or unemployment can serve to erode valued aspects of some men’s masculine identity and lead to suicide being viewed as a legitimate and rational path out of perceivably untenable situations.
Male suicide is a major health issue requiring urgent attention, and the growing evidence of malespecific risk factors has important implications for preparing and assessing suicide prevention strategies. Several countries have attempted to implement suicide prevention programmes, which typically involve multisectoral strategies that aim to address the range of causes at men suicide. Our aim was to identify what is currently known about approaches to suicide prevention in men and explore areas for future research and policy development.
Several studies have explored strategies involving key members of the community charged with increasing awareness and understanding of risk factors that make men more vulnerable to suicide. There are other ways to prevent suicides like by encompassing awareness campaigns, educational initiatives targeted to depressed men, campaign which will describe the importance of life.
In my point of view men who are in depression must follow some campaign so that they can get rid of thoughts of suicide. In these types of condition, they need psychological support and government must implement some campaign. In one study where anonymous support was offered to men free of charge via email, phone, or face-to-face with a counsellor, most participants appeared to prefer communicating via email. Such approaches have been shown to be superior to referral to a health professional and have been effective in reducing suicidal ideation among participating people.
The use of the ‘ case management ‘ approach has also been found to be effective in substantially reducing the risk of recurrence of suicide compared to non-contact group use. Here, case management involved contacting suicide attempters within one week of their attempt, followed by the provision of psychological support for a six-month period; this was primarily achieved through telephone conversations. During periods of more intensive care, home visits by public health nurses and psychiatrists provide further support and may facilitate adherence to referrals for psychiatric treatment.
There are other ways like cognitive technique two studies have explored the use of cognitive techniques, specifically school-based mindfulness and cognitive behavioural suicide therapy (CBST) for male prisoners. Among the targeted populations, the latter reported significant reductions in suicidal behaviours whilst the former observed reductions in suicidal ideation.
There are many things which interrupt the suicide of men. Men have been reported as able to find ways of redefining help-seeking behaviour as masculine. while considering consequences for loved ones appeared to exert a strong influence on interrupting a suicide attempt. Similar to this, a sense of connectedness, mostly resulting from sharing experiences with other suicide victims or from a sense of obligation to others, emerged as a protective variable. The use of emotional regulation techniques was popular among men and highlighted their preference for a pragmatic, solution-oriented approach to overcoming suicidality.
A sense of closeness to parents, friends or mental health professionals has been identified as an important factor in preventing male suicide. Challenging the assumption that’ no one cares,’ through access to testimonies from former suicide bombers or successful experiences with mental health professionals, has been described as critical in achieving this goal.
Eventually, in my opinion I think that men suicide more than women due to different problem in life. As depression is the major cause of suicide which occurs in both men and women, but researcher have shown that women seek medication for depression and on other hand men commit suicide. Indeed, men are nearly twice as likely as women to meet criteria for alcohol dependence. But drinking can deepen depression and increase impulsive behaviours and alcoholism is a known risk factor for suicide.
As compared to women, men have more tension of getting employed which is also a risk factor of suicide and in my views more men who are unemployed commit suicide. The authors conclude that while the difference in suicide rate between men and women is complexly determined, the weight of the evidence suggests that more men than women intend to commit suicide.