Effective Mentorship and Causes of Underachievement

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Our decent variety is our quality. We perform best by bridling the group and integral aptitudes, learning, foundations and systems of a rich blend of individuals who work together in a situation that is comprehensive and regarding of people. A relationship wherein progressively experienced or increasingly educated individual aides a less experienced or less learned individual by sharing experience, knowledge and skills is known as mentorship. It’s tied in with persuading and enabling the other individual to distinguish their very own issues and objectives, and helping them to discover methods for settling or contacting them.

Tutoring is an indispensable procedure in nursing. It is a method for experienced medical caretakers to arrange and to encourage apprehension of fledgling attendants to their new job. The purpose of this document is to discuss the causes of underachievement, types of underachieving student, learning style of students that vary person to person, attributes of effective mentors, importance of mentoring in HealthCare specially nursing and mentoring in health sector.

Underachieving Student

There are various criteria using which an underachievement of the student can be estimated. A mentee who is underachieving in the workplace oppose taking every necessary step for an assortment of reasons. The first step is to recognize the kind of underachiever and after that address the inspiration driving the negative conduct and then the essential needs of understudies must be met before obvious learning can occur.

Types of underachieving students

Understudies underachieve for an assortment of reasons, the least of which is on the grounds that they are sluggish, troublesome, closed off, or learning incapacitated. So, for the given essay scenario if the mentors already know that a particular has a history of underachievement then they must identify the kind of underachieving mentee and then locate the individual key that opens a youngster’s inspiration to succeed and construct on that establishment.

Following are the basic types of underachiever:

  • Underachieving Coaster
  • Anxious Underachiever
  • Personality-seeking Underachiever
  • Resistant Underachiever
  • Wheeler-Dealer Underachiever

Underachieving Coaster

This is the understudy who does simply enough to get by without buckling down or reliably. The indications of this example develop toward the finish of grade school when understudies neglect to help through on ventures that require arranging and discipline. Remember, such underachievers are manipulative, and they will not react to prizes or disciplines. In this way, when meeting with a napkin, adhere to the certainties, center on the understudy’s qualities and accomplishments, and help the understudy set objectives as an impetus, not a discipline.

Anxious Underachiever

Such a kind of understudy who fears disappointment and never thinks his or her work is sufficient. At the point when a restless underachiever neglects to perform to his or her potential, this is on the grounds that the individual can’t stop agonizing over failing to understand the situation. This kind of understudy may resemble slowpokes. Once in a while this kind of underachiever can make oneself wiped out with stress or foreseen shame. Since restless underachievers dismiss the huge picture as they get stalled in the immaterial subtleties, the educator should regularly help them to remember the general goal of every exercise. Restless underachievers are continually looking forward, envisioning the most noticeably terrible.[3]

This kind of understudy can be moderately simple to change since the individual is ready and anxious to take direction. Consequently, in their minds, a task is never completed or adequate. In the event that the understudy requests that you check his or her work, audit the task and afterward inquire as to whether the person supposes they met the task’s objective. On edge underachievers are continually searching for outside endorsement, so an objective of the instructor ought to be to support the understudy perceives his or her very own accomplishments and impart a feeling of freedom

Identity-Searching Underachiever

There are a few underachievers can be named personality seeking underachievers. These understudies are engaged with a battle with themselves to make sense of their identity, how they will arrive, and whether the exertion will be value it. The exploration is restricted, however there are signs that this model shows up in mid to late youthfulness what’s more according a report it is more likely to occur in females as compared to males. Character looking underachievers may seem, by all accounts, to be languid when in actuality they are depleted by the vitality it takes to scan for their motivation. This kind of underachiever is strongly self-ingested and energetic about numerous causes. They have huge dreams and bombastic plans. They may struggle with the earth what are more, governmental issues and they explore different avenues regarding suppositions, convictions, and qualities. In any case, for all their discussion, they once in a while resolve anything.

The issue is, the identity searching underachiever doesn’t generally need anybody’s counsel or assistance. They are a kind of stubborn person. Along these lines, the most ideal approach to help is through tuning in and not being judgmental, non-controlling, compassionate tuning in.

Resistant Underachiever

The resistant underachiever transforms everything into a war. They are contending with power and lose their tempers effectively. They will venture to surrender something that is extremely essential to them as opposed to give a grown-up ‘a chance to win.’ They will intentionally get things done that irritate others, and one of their preferred reactions is ‘I don’t have the foggiest idea.’ They can be angry and pernicious, reprimanding others for their activities.

Wheeler-Dealer Underachiever

Wheeler-seller underachievers are hasty, dispersed, enchanting, incapacitating, and activity situated. They can cheat, mislead, harm property and they can be deceiving, untruthful and misrepresentation. They are actually trickster and swindler. Such underachievers form group and if they are left as they are then they can transform into harassing person. Helping this sort of understudy change will require a collaboration and may require proficient help as wheeler-vendors students flourish with mystery.

Learning Style

A few understudies adapt best outwardly, others acoustically. A few understudies need both sight and sound to boost maintenance of new data. At that point there are understudies who need hands-on involvement such students learn through practice. Some understudies adapt best in gatherings while others adapt best taking a shot at their own. Furthermore, understudies who can move in the most disorganized of conditions, and there are other people who can just think in total quiet.

Range of Learning Style

A report has appeared changed individuals learn in various ways and that our ebb and flow instructive framework, with its one estimate fits all cases, is most likely taking into account just a bunch of the mentee in their study halls.

Following are ways of learning:

  1. Visual
  2. Verbal
  3. Logical
  4. Auditory
  5. Social
  6. Intra-personal
  7. Physical


This individual is ordinarily great at unraveling visual information as maps and charts. While they exceed expectations at subjects, for example, geometry, they battle with number-crunching and numbers as a rule. Mistakenly named as ‘delayed prodigies’ for their battles with perusing and composing, these students basically observe the world in an alternate way: They are inventive and rapidly process what they visualize.


Somewhat unique in relation to the past class, verbal students are capable at handling data using language. They exceed expectations at perusing, composing, tuning in and talking. Such students have a brilliant memory for things they have perused. A large number of them likewise appreciate learning various dialects; these students especially make the most of their composition, show and discourse classes


This kind of student is talented at scientific and legitimate thinking and can take care of issues including numerical values and can without much of a stretch decode conceptual visual data. Such a kind of students is additionally adroit at examining circumstances and logical results connections and will in general think straightly.


The sound-related (melodic) student thinks in sounds as opposed to pictures. They think sequentially and adapt best through well-ordered techniques. In contrast to visual students, they have a perfect memory for discussions and appreciate discussions and discourses. They have coarse speech aptitudes and perform well on oral tests rather than the written ones; as the name recommends, they additionally have melodic gifts and can recognize individual voice and pitch easily.


The social student is one of a kind in his or her capacity to adapt best through connections with individuals (other). They as a rule appreciate working through subjects in a gathering setting and bobbing thoughts off of other individuals. Such a kind of Social students are skilled at perusing others’ feelings and outward appearances, just as relationship elements and are good at identifying facials.[1]


The students with this learning style are also called single and stand- alone students. Generally, single students are tuned in to their emotions, their identity and what they can do. Somehow they like the process of self-assessment. These sorts of students are free, so they control themselves on their voyage to discovering some new information every day. They are especially talented in the zones of self-administration and self-reflection. The relational, or single, student likes to utilize self-study. They raise themselves on their own. They are fully aware of themselves that what they are capable of and what they can’t do, which qualities do they possess which qualities they don’t and similarly what are their weakness and shortcomings.

Learning Theories

Learning theories examines and explain that how human beings learn, adapt and implement. Learning theories are the important part of education system and plays a vital role for nursing. The mentors can prove themselves can teach mentee in an efficient manner using these theories.

There are three main categories of learning theories which are as follow:

  • Behavioral learning theory
  • Cognitive learning theory
  • Social learning theory

Behavioral learning theory

Skinner’s hypothesis of learning is in charge of recognizing two unique sorts of conduct:

  • Respondent Conduct
  • Operant Behavior.

The two kinds of conduct are important to watch and measure parts of a human’s domain, the activity of a human’s conduct, and afterward the results of a human’s conduct.

Respondent practices are evoked by a known upgrade and are reliant upon the boost that went before it. Operant practices, then again, are not at first inspired by a known boost and are rather constrained by their encompassing condition, which at that point produces a particular reaction. Respondent practices react to explicit improvements in the earth while operand practices follow up on the earth and change it.

The two standards can be summed up as:

  1. Any reaction that is strengthened by an upgrade has a higher likelihood of being rehashed, and
  2. Maybe something that expands the rates at which an operand reaction happens is a strengthening boost.

Cognitive learning theory

Jean Piaget, born in 1896, is a standout amongst the most well-known learning scholars ever; he was the main scholar to characterize learning as a formative psychological procedure where information is built dependent on involvement in connection to an individual’s phase of advancement. So, he was the developer of this learning theory i.e. cognitive learning theory. Unlike behavioral learning theory cognitive learning theory greatly depends upon the state of mind of learner and what is inside it. it is composed various theories that help in counseling; according to this theory a learner must develop new ideas, thoughts, visuals, insight and concepts while eliminating the previous ones. It can also include the reorganization of data or information that learner already knows and after grabbing further concepts and learning they implement it to the previous information. In contrast to behavioral theory it doesn’t include honoring a student for his or her behavior rather than this the learner must set the goals and aim for the objective that inspire to achieve it and work hard for it.

It also includes social- cognition which is greatly influenced by what is perceived and what motivates. For instance in a healthcare environment e.g. clinic a patient can be perceived differently , as an example, a person with religious belief would percept that the disease is a result sins etc.

Social learning theory

Generally individual learn from the environment in which they live and the people surrounding them. This learning theory is based upon the observation of the learner. It often well said that a person learn from the experience. Similarly this theory explains the learning behavior of the student. This also includes the observation of the individual observing other people performing certain tasks and watching the outcomes and results that task performed.

As explained above Role model is the significant factor of this learning theory; for an instance a more experienced nurse will act as a role model for less experienced nurse. So, the less experienced one will observe the more experienced one in order to learn and observe consequences of the certain task performed.[2]

Effective Mentorship

Underachievement is a conduct and this manner can be altered by an effective mentor. The impacts of coaching on workforce in advanced education and all the more explicitly, nursing instruction has been appeared in the examination to effectively affect mentees and their profession.

Following are the characteristics and attributes of effective mentor:

  • Role Model
  • Energizer
  • Re-envision
  • Supporter
  • Approachable
  • Eye and door opener
  • Career counselor
  • Challenger
  • Ideas bouncer
  • Challenger

Role Model

A decent coach displays the individual credits it takes to be effective in the specific discipline. By demonstrating the mentee the stuff to be beneficial and fruitful, she shows the particular practices and activities required to prevail in the field. Keep in mind, the uplifting disposition must go the two different ways. It’s significant that mentor generally treat mentee’s guide with the most extreme polished methodology.


A good mentor is always spurring, rousing and eager who try to utilize each circumstance as a chance to instruct. Great tutors don’t trifle with their obligation and feel put resources into the achievement of the mentee.


The characteristics of an effective mentor included descriptors of giving a vision and guide for the mentee’s improvement while being inconspicuous.


One of the key duties of a decent tutor is to give direction and helpful input to their mentee. This is the place the mentee probably will become the most by recognizing their present qualities and shortcomings and figuring out how to utilize these to make them fruitful and productive in the field.


In order to prove oneself as a an effective mentor then one’s mentee must feel great moving toward you for counsel or conference; in any case, the individual in question must remember your accessibility and your timetable. In this way, it’s great approach to set up a set day and time for normal sessions or gatherings. In this hustle just a bit and-get it-going world, it’s imperative to be arranged and take advantage of the time you have with your mentee. A mentor must have a solid time responsibility by showing recurrence of gathering, accessibility to the mentee

Eye and door opener

They start new thoughts and encourage the worker’s eagerness and capacity to make changes in mentee’s presentation dependent on the steady change happening in their workplace.

Career counselor

A constructive mentor should keep up mentee’s objectivity and reasonableness doesn’t mean mentee can’t demonstrate his or her sympathy. Truth be told, mentor’s tutoring relationship likely won’t work on the off chance that mentor don’t demonstrate his or her advantage and want to give face to face assistance and direction. An effective mentor should likewise be benevolent about sharing what they know.

Ideas bouncer

A good mentor who does not display excitement about his activity won’t make a decent coach. Energy is getting, and new workers need to feel as though their activity has meaning and the possibility to make a decent life. They start new thoughts and encourage the worker’s readiness and they instill the spirit of work.


A decent tutor has phenomenal relational abilities. They can alter her correspondence to the character of the mentee. A decent coach additionally will furnish the mentee with difficulties and challenges that encourage proficient improvement and a sentiment of achievement.

Furthermore, qualities of an effective mentor includes following qualities:

  • Decisive
  • Sure
  • Congenial
  • Empathic
  • Experienced
  • Understanding
  • Inventive
  • Steady
  • Non-judgmental
  • Educated
  • Able
  • Legit
  • A decent audience
  • Reliable
  • Kind
  • Reasonable
  • Regarded by their mentee

Importance of Clinical Learning Environment

Nurses’ understudies from all callings learn aptitudes required to give sheltered, excellent patient consideration. The clinical learning condition can be characterized as ‘a situation where any individual who has the chance to impact the consideration of a patient learns. [4]

A clinical learning condition requires effective mentors to draw in with people who may not customarily be incorporated into discourses about medicinal services proficient training, for example, natural administrations, transport, volunteers, and managerial or administrative staff.[6] Despite the fact that not formally authorized social insurance experts, individuals from help callings can give basic understanding into procedures and encounters that those in clinical practice may somehow or another miss. This common obligation gives a chance to making a community oriented learning condition.

The coach must show comportment to both the nursing calling and the obligation of controlling a learner nurture and must be both scholastically and clinically capable, to give legitimate help to the mentee; Anderson depicts a tutor as an accomplished attendant who has finished an endorsed mentorship program and is able to help and evaluate understudies in the work on setting.

Mentorship in Healthcare

The discoveries of this investigation demonstrated coaches’ originations of arrangement of current mentorship for pre-enlistment nursing understudies with regards to Finnish and British clinical nursing instruction; Finnish guides have a few positive and contrary contentions in the components of hierarchical, ecological, instructive and individual systems. These contradict a significant number of the British coaches’ appearances, which centered generally on their own and instructive systems. Coaches from the two nations felt that mentorship functioned admirably when the administrative and collegial help is accessible, yet discoveries likewise called attention to the absence of the executive’s inclusion in understudy mentorship. Nonetheless, it has been contended that administration is a one section in building up understudies’ learning in situation.

Additionally, it has been displayed that perplexity what’s more, an absence of planning for the job of tutor was viewed as obstruction to understudies’ mentorship. What’s more, the suggestions have been communicated that the present medicinal services positions need to give more consideration to understudy mentorship. For instance, it is important to offer additional time or different advantages to guides, in light of the fact that instructive foundations try not to have much effect on staff circumstance in clinical situations [10].

Conclusion & Recommendations

In a nutshell it is very important to first identify the reason behind the underachievement of the student or nurses. Secondly one should tackle the problem according to the causes identified and a mentor must prove him effective by creating a friendly supportive mentor-mentee relationship and by possessing all the qualities required for effective mentorship. It is imperative to explain the arrangement of understudy mentorship; this explanation can build the nature of position learning. The present mentorship arrangement for pre-enrollment understudy medical attendants requires further deliberate advancement. The difficulties faced for advancement of mentorship arrangement of understudies exists in the joint effort of nursing teachers and human services situations’ suppliers. Along these lines, nursing associations and situations, and advanced education organizations need to have a reasonable, co-usable mentorship system for pre-enlistment nursing understudies. Exceptional association benefits instructive and clinical partners to create brought together way to deal with understudies’ mentorship and furthermore explain and recharge the job of guide


  1. “The 8 Learning Styles: Which One Works for You?” Visual Learning Center by Visme, visme.co/blog/8-learning-styles/
  2.  Margaret braugard. Applying Learning Theories to Healthcare Practice . samples.jbpub.com/9781284104448/Sample_CH03_Bastable.pdf.
  3. FOCUS ON.” E d u c a t i o n a l R e s e a r c h S Er v i c e.
  4. Rahmani, Azad, et al. “Clinical Learning Environment in Viewpoint of Nursing Students in Tabriz University of Medical Sciences.” Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd, 2011, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3249807/.
  5. “CNNT CASE STUDY: Importance of Mentoring in Nursing Education.” National Kidney Foundation, 3 Mar. 2017, www.kidney.org/content/cnnt-case-study-importance-mentoring.
  6. Anderson, L. “A Learning Resource for Developing Effective Mentorship in Practice.” Nursing Standard (Royal College of Nursing (Great Britain) : 1987)., U.S. National Library of Medicine, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21922743.
  7. “The Clinical Learning Environment: Improving the Education Experience and Patient Outcomes Within Magnet® Organizations.” NursingCenter, www.nursingcenter.com/journalarticle?Article_ID=3264239&Journal_ID=54024&Issue_ID=3264238.
  8.  “CNNT CASE STUDY: Importance of Mentoring in Nursing Education.” National Kidney Foundation, 3 Mar. 2017, www.kidney.org/content/cnnt-case-study-importance-mentoring.
  9. Saarikoski M, Marrow C, Abreu W, Riklikiene O and Ozbicakci S. Student nurses’ experience of supervision and Mentorship in clinical practice
  10. Sedgwick, Monique, and Suzanne Harris. “A Critique of the Undergraduate Nursing Preceptorship Model.” Nursing Research and Practice, Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2012, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3357587/.

Cite this paper

Effective Mentorship and Causes of Underachievement. (2021, Jan 23). Retrieved from https://samploon.com/effective-mentorship-and-causes-of-underachievement/



What are the 3 A's of mentorship?
The 3 A's of mentorship are availability, accessibility, and accountability. Availability refers to the willingness of mentors to be present and attentive to their mentees, accessibility involves creating an open and approachable relationship, while accountability requires mentors to hold their mentees responsible for their actions and progress.
What are the causes of underachievement?
There are many possible causes of underachievement, but two of the most common are a lack of motivation and a lack of ability.
What are the effects of underachievement?
The effects of underachievement can be significant. They can include feelings of inadequacy, low self-esteem, and depression. Underachievers may also have difficulty succeeding in school and in their careers.
What is the concept of underachievement?
There are many causes of inner city poverty, but two of the most common are a lack of access to good education and jobs, and a high concentration of crime and violence.
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