Do We Perform Recall Tasks Better Listening to Classical Music?

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Today, students are surrounded by multiple types of distractions through technology from video games, music, and movies, to Facebook and other types of social media. While some students relish in the distractions, others do not. There have been multiple studies conducted on how music effects learning, and results have been mixed (Lehmann, and Seufert, 2017).

In some cases, it has been noted that several studies in healthy populations reported positive effects of music on encoding and decoding of verbal material when music was used as background, (De Groot, 2006; Ferreri et al., 2014, 2013), contrasted to sung or spoken material (Rainey and Larsen, 2002). In some studies, it has been determined that there was no significantly constant effect from background music when related to verbal learning.

Also, there was no improvement or reduction in a verbal learning performance during background stimulation conditions (Jänke and Sandmann, 2010). With relation to research on the Mozart effect, and the arousal-mood hypothesis, it was revealed that background music can possibly help learning results. It is assumed that the Mozart of background music has a direct effect on cognitive skills (Lehmann and Seufert, 2017).

There are still many questions out there concerning how music impacts learning (Verga, Bigand, and Kotz, 2015). In research concerning music and social interaction it is stated that neither music or social interaction can give out any clues because adult learners are better at learning new words cognitively without any extra help.

In other words, music and social interaction may interfere with learning because it increases the learning cognitive load. (Racette and Peretz, 2007; Moussard et al., 2012, 2014). Other studies found that it negatively impacted learning outcomes (Furnham and Bradley, 1997; Randsell and Gilroy, 2001; Hallam et al., 2002). Additional studies report that there is a positive impact (de Groot, 2006), especially on students with learning disabilities (Savan, 1999).

One study tried to explain why results were mixed. It was revealed that music features such as tempo and intensity do have an effect on learning results. Music characteristics such as soft fast music had a positive effect, while loud fast and soft slow, or loud slow music hampered learning (Thompson et al. 2011). Also, instrumental music bothers learners less than music with lyrics (Perham and Currie, 2014).

Additionally, it is possible that a learner’s abilities such as musical expertise (Wallace, 1994) or their knowledge of a presented music could also influence their ability to learn. This study wanted to determine how listening to 30 seconds of classical music (Vivaldi’s Seasons) during review of a random list of words would affect word recall as opposed to reviewing a random list of words without music.


Cite this paper

Do We Perform Recall Tasks Better Listening to Classical Music?. (2021, May 29). Retrieved from https://samploon.com/do-we-perform-recall-tasks-better-listening-to-classical-music/



Do people work better with classical music?
Some people believe that classical music helps them focus and work better. There is no scientific evidence to support this claim, but it is a popular belief.
Does classical music help with memorization?
Yes, classical music has been shown to help with memorization. One study found that college students who listened to classical music while studying scored higher on their exams than those who didn't listen to music at all.
Does listening to classical music increase reasoning ability?
There is no scientific evidence to support the claim that listening to classical music increases reasoning ability. However, some people may feel that their reasoning ability is enhanced while listening to classical music.
How does listening to music affect recall?
There are seven signs of concussion: headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, confusion, sensitivity to light and noise, and sleepiness.
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