What the Causes of Pearl Harbor Attack

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December 7, 1941 marked one of the most historic days in history. As president Franklin Roosevelt said, it is “a date which will live in infamy.” In the dawn of the hours, the Japanese took advantage of the ill-prepared U.S. Naval Base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. With a blind side attack, the Japanese piloted planes managed to successfully bomb the American base causing more than 2,300 casualties. Unfortunately, the successful air raid caused the United States to get involved in World War II.[1] As expected, many issues related to intelligence and democracy contributed to the tragic events in the attack on Pearl Harbor.

The U.S was blind, they let there guard down and once that happened Japan made a fool out of the U.S, inquisitive viewpoints of human relations is this generalization, or ‘picture,’ that one idea shapes another. The grouping of generalizations is a fundamental component of people’s social myth-the collection of convictions, in any case determined, by which it orders its political life, counting its connections with other national states.

A few parts of a generalization, including biases, are consistently the same all through the society holding it; a few are diverse, indeed conflicting. Equitably, a few parts of it are very genuine, a few incompletely genuine, and others completely unfaithful.

In addition, generalization, may hold a few parts genuine indeed in the confront of solid proof to the opposite.[2] The United states in this case had an overconfidence bias about Japan. Senior US authorities knew approximately that the Japanese sat eagerly waiting to assault, much appreciated to a code-breaking framework called “Magic,” but they denied acknowledging the information because stimulating an American outrage would have been self-destructive (it was).

The Japanese knew that assaulting Pearl Harbor would buy some time before the United States struck back with force.[3] Unsurprisingly, the U.S ignored the framework called the “magic,” and overconfidence was shown by second guessing their thoughts unconsciously. In intelligence tools are used to collect data and information.

It is unfortunate that the US ignored a tool that intelligence created to help them out in the first place.  Investigators interested in progressing their own execution are required to assess their past gauges in the light of ensuing improvements. To do this, investigators must either keep in mind (or be able to allude to) their past gauges or remake their past gauges on the premise of past experience having known approximately the circumstance at the time the gauges were made.

The viability of the assessment to prepare and learning to prepare gives a driving force dependent upon the precision of these recollected or reproduced gauges.[4] On the other side of things it may not have intelligence fault, there could of been a flaw with communication. Delay can effortlessly be correlated in the Pearl Harbor intelligence picture.

In the taking care of the coded messages, there was unavoidably a delay. From interferences of the message at the point, it was received  through transmission to the interpreting center in Washington, and making the data that was collected was secure and safe. The most extended delay recorded in the Congressional hearings is 54 days between interception and interpretation.

A portion of the suspension is a work of the time necessary for transmission. The portion of the delay comes from checking the accuracy of the reports, which is essential for dependable choice. But these delays in the reaction must all be seen against the forward walk of occasions.[5] With a mechanical or calculated may be  a mystery so carefully protected that it doesn’t reach our insights offices until after the occasion; or it may happen as well quickly, as well close the flare-up of the emergency, to be transmitted and assessed in time.

In the case of Pearl Harbor, there were two innovative changes that fizzled to reach either the insights organizations or the commanding officers who required the data. That the Japanese had fitted balances to their torpedoes which would allow bombarding in the shallow waters of Pearl Harbor; and that the combat span of the Zero fighter plane had been extended to 500 statute miles, making the conceivable ethereal assault on the Philippines from Formosa. Both of these improvements were realized as it were several weeks sometime recently Pearl Harbor.[6]


  1. The Japanese Attacked Pearl Harbor, , accessed March 03, 2018, http://www.americaslibrary.gov/jb/wwii/jb_wwii_pearlhar_3.html.
  2. ‘Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941,’ HistoryNet, , accessed March 03, 2018, http://www.historynet.com/pearl-harbor.1
  3. The Nation, ‘Lessons in cognitive bias from the ‘day of infamy’,’ The Nation, December 18, 2011, , accessed March 03, 2018, http://www.nationmultimedia.com/opinion/Lessons-in-cognitive-bias-from-the-day-of-infamy-30172123.html.
  4. ‘Chapter 13,’ Central Intelligence Agency, July 07, 2008, , accessed March 03, 2018, https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/books-and-monographs/psychology-of-intelligence-analysis/art16.html.
  5. Cuba and Pearl Harbor: Hindsight and Foresight,’ The SHAFR Guide Online: , accessed March 03, 2018, doi:10.1163/2468-1733_shafr_sim160070104.
  6. Ibid

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What the Causes of Pearl Harbor Attack. (2021, Jun 24). Retrieved from https://samploon.com/what-the-causes-of-pearl-harbor-attack/

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