World War I, also known as The Great War, began in July 28, 1914 and ended in 1918 by entering the history as the First World War. The war was caused by five major factors which are known by “MANIA”; militarism, alliance system, nationalism, imperialism, and assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdenand. While there are many factors that led to the start of World War I, the three most significant factors leading to the outbreak of World War I were the alliance system, nationalism, and most importantly the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdenand. The alliance system led to the creation of mistrust amongst European nations; nationalism created tension among and within nations, and the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdenand was the key event that made some countries explode and declare war.
The alliance system was a formal agreement between two or more nations to keep peace in Europe. There were two alliances back then as shown in document A; the Triple Alliance which included Italy, Austria-hungary, and Germany. the Triple Entente which included France, Russia, and Great Britain. The alliance system in document A created mistrust and rivalry feelings among the European countries which led to war. It also created a domino effect, as illustrated in document K. The cartoon in document K represents when a country goes to war, the allies are come to help that country which also led to the start of World War I. As illustrated in document B, alliance system is more significant than militarism and imperialism because if Germany had never allied with Austria-Hungary, then the war may have been prevented. The alliance of Germany and Austria-Hungary in document B was also one of the key events that led to war.
Nationalism, which is deep devotion to one’s nation, led to World War I. According to document E, different ethnic groups that were under European control wanted independence or unification because they wanted to be under a ruler with shared culture or language. Nationalism in document E was a factor that led to war. Also, in document G, Serbia wanted unification under one nation and refused to be ruled by a different nation that has no common culture and tradition like Austria. Document G shows that nationalism contributed in raising the tension among nations which led to World War I. Nationalism is more important than imperialism and militarism because part of the war was made to show which country was the best and countries wouldn\’t have gone to war if they did not want to show that they were the best. It has also influenced the war by making the nationalism movements in 1914 as illustrated in document I. Nationalism movements in document I played a main role in leading nations to World War I by influencing the idea of sovereignty.
The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdenand was the major event that made countries go to war. Franz Ferdenand was the heir to Austria-Hungary and was murdered in Serbia in june 28,1914. His murder made Austria declare war on Serbia and was known by the boilling point as shown in document H. Document H illustrates all the feelings for going to war the countries have been containing but will finally explode as result to the murder of Franz Ferdenand. Also in document J, the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdenand is illustrated as the match that burned all the wood which led to the beggining of war because it made Austria angry and Germany supported Austria. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdenand is more important than imperialsim and militarism because it is the most important event that made the war beggin by Austria declaring war on Serbia.
In conclusion, World War one was the first World War that began in june 14, 1914 and ended in 1918 by signing the Treaty of Versailles. The war was caused by 5 main factors known by “MANIA”. The factors were militarism, alliance system, nationalism, imperialism, and assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdenand. World War I caused damage to the countries who were involved in it economically, financially, technologically, and medically. Additionally, people developed new technologies during World War I like mustard gas, U-boats, weapons and evolved cars. Also new medications were developed in order to treat the injured soldiers at war. Finally, governments turned their attention to women because there was a shortage in hands that women replaced by working at shops, hospitals, and factories.