Should Abortion Be Legal
What is abortion and where is it forbidden
What is an abortion
ABORTION (Latin abortus – miscarriage) – involuntary or artificial (medical) termination of pregnancy until the moment when the fetus can not be considered viable. There are early (up to 12 weeks) and late (from 13 to 27 weeks of pregnancy). Artificial (medical) – abortion in medicine. institution or outside it (criminal).
The attitude of the state to the state depended on the dominant religion and the needs of the rulers. It is known from history that during the great troops. campaigns and post-war wars to increase population. a ban was imposed on Starodav. Greece and the Ancients. In Rome, abortion was quite common and was condemned only when done for selfish purposes. In Christians religion is considered murder, but a heinous crime. sanctions in this regard have become widely used among Christians. countries only in the 19th century. In the 20th century policy began to change gradually.
There are 4 main. groups of reasons for the need for things. abortion: protection of life, phys. or mental. women’s health; pregnancy resulting from rape or incest; preventing the birth of children with genes. anomalies or severe malformations; the presence of social. or econ. problems that do not allow to raise a child. The ban on conducting family planning in most “third world” countries and the unavailability of means of family planning or their improper use have led to the fact that every year in these countries is held approx. 20 million illegals- 90% of the annual. the number of illegals all over the world. Risk of death from ill health. – 1 in 250 interventions, this is approx. 70 thousand women’s lives annually. Most of those who survive are doomed to chronic. inflammatory diseases stat. organs, infertility and even disability.
Who does it and why.
There are three groups of women who go to this barbaric, but sometimes necessary procedure:
- Sexually illiterate teenagers – young girls (15% of all abortions) who have recently learned “adult” life. As a rule, they are completely dependent on their parents, socially insolvent. In adolescent girls aged 15-17, 75% of pregnancies end in abortion, ie about 5 abortions per 1 birth. Due to the fact that girls are afraid of punishment from their mothers. Which, in most cases, learn about the child’s pregnancy late.
- Women with a “dead end” situation. This group includes more physically and morally mature women. They are forced to have an unplanned abortion as a result of ineffectiveness of pills or other means of pregnancy, rape or inability to continue the pregnancy due to severe acute illness, death or divorce, in the absence of social conditions for raising a child .
- Women who knowingly use abortion as a means of “contraception”. Like our 60-70-year-old grandmothers, who knew no other means of protection against pregnancy than abortion, their contemporaries, due to their ignorance, low social and educational level, poverty, go for abortion.
Types of abortions.
There are different types of abortion surgery, and each operation is designed to be performed only at a certain stage of pregnancy and differs in its features and complications.
Mini-abortion – this method is used until 4 weeks of pregnancy. During this operation, metal dilators are successively inserted into the cervix, with each subsequent tool larger than the previous one in diameter. After these manipulations, a tube from a vacuum aspirator is inserted into the uterus. The negative pressure created helps to suck out the inner layer of the uterus (endometrium) and the baby’s body. If the abortion is performed for more than 4 weeks, the child’s body is torn to pieces.
It is believed that the mini-abortion was invented in 1927 by a Russian scientist.
In the 60’s of our century began to perform abortions by sucking the contents of the pregnant uterus with metal cylindrical tips with side holes and an electrovacuum pump. This method was much better because it reduced the duration of the operation and reduced the possibility of complications: perforation of the uterus, bleeding, infection. The longer the pregnancy, the more likely complications after surgery.
With increasing gestational age in the female body begins hormonal changes that disrupt abortion, failure, recovery takes time. Therefore, the smaller the size of the uterine cavity and ovum, the, of course, less damaged blood vessels, and it turns out, less dramatic abortion.
It is best to spend it at 4-5 weeks of pregnancy. With a mini-abortion, metal dilators are refused, ie the muscular system of the cervix is not exposed to risk injuries, then complications occur less often, which often often cause miscarriage if a woman wants to give birth. Abortion in early pregnancy does not require general anesthesia, which in itself is a very serious intervention in a woman’s body. Mini-abortions for women are performed under local anesthesia.
After a mini-abortion, a woman needs to lie down for 30-40 minutes, and in 2-3 hours she can return to everyday life.
Complications after mini-abortions are 5-6 times less than after traditional abortions. But, unfortunately, complications still occur with mini-abortions.
Therefore, three or four days after the abortion, you should avoid hypothermia, avoid physical overload. Sexual intercourse is prohibited for three weeks. In order for uterine contractions to proceed normally, it is important to monitor the timely emptying of the intestines and bladder.
Two weeks after the operation, be sure to see a gynecologist, because one percent after a mini-abortion is still possible to continue the development of pregnancy – more often in the uterus, less often – outside it. The reason is that abortion was performed at a short time and the pregnancy was still not terminated or the ectopic pregnancy was not recognized.
Contraindications to mini-abortion may be gynecological or general inflammatory and infectious diseases.
Where is it forbidden and where is it allowed?
Different countries address abortion in different ways. The most loyal are Canada (up to 18 weeks allowed), Russia, Belarus, Czech Republic, Belgium, Denmark, Norway (up to 12 weeks), Turkey, Croatia and France (up to 10 weeks). In the first 90 days you can terminate a pregnancy in Italy. Only in case of socio-economic reasons abortions up to 12 weeks are allowed in Finland, Germany, Spain, Hungary, Iceland, Luxembourg.
At a later date (up to 24 weeks) abortions can be performed in Japan, England, if there are significant socio-economic or medical indicators. Whereas in China, doctors can deprive a woman of her fetus in the later months of pregnancy. In Poland, Argentina, Latin America and Africa, pregnancies can be terminated if a woman’s life or health is threatened. Here in Ireland, the United Arab Emirates, Afghanistan, Angola, Egypt, Papua New Guinea, Nepal, abortion is completely banned.
The experience of banning abortions was in the USSR: in 1936 a special decree was passed, which was repealed in 1955 due to a sharp increase in maternal deaths during criminal abortions and even infanticide. For example, in Romania, the ban on abortion led to an increase in maternal mortality from 16.9 in 1966 to 151.3 in 1982 per 100,000 live births.
“Initially, the birth rate rose slightly from 1.5 children per woman to 3.2. But the increase in the number of births with the loss of thousands of women who died due to illegal abortions ultimately did not allow the country to win in terms of population,” said the expert. Only one year after the legalization of abortion, maternal mortality was reduced by 50%.